As your bump begins to grow in size, so is your unborn baby growing. As you follow the progress of your baby’s development, you will agree that it has been an interesting journey. You are now halfway through your pregnancy and almost through with your second trimester. In this month, you will experience few pregnancy symptoms than in the first and third trimester. Though symptoms vary among women and differ from one pregnancy to the other.
In this article, you will learn what happens in the fifth month into your pregnancy.
18th Week of your pregnancy
Your baby can now hear and feel. It is expected that you carry out an ultrasound scan to determine the fetal growth of your baby. You will have to screen for any birth defects, check the placement of the umbilical cord, placenta and also determine whether the gestational age is accurate. Doing an ultrasound scan can be awesome; as you can see your baby flex, roll, kick and even suck her thumb. Most times a test called cordocentesis can be done to diagnose of any chromosomal abnormality. Bring your partner along; it’s going to be a memorable one and ask for a print out when through.
If your baby is a girl, the vagina, fallopian tubes are in place. If it is a boy, the genitals will be quite recognizable.
19th week of your pregnancy
During this period, your baby’s sensory perception will be heightening. The nerve cells that are responsible for taste, smell, hearing, seeing and touch are now developing in the brain. The hair on your baby’s scalp is sprouting too. The baby will start swallowing amniotic fluid, and the kidney will be able to create urine. If your baby is a girl, she now has over 6 million eggs in her ovaries.
In this week, your baby now measures 6 inches, 15 centimeters long and weighs about 240 grams. As your baby grows, the top of your uterus will continue growing (about one centimeter every week).
“You may feel your baby moving and sometimes, the baby may be flexing
within you that you can’t sleep. Take note of those
period and inform your doctor at your next visit”.
20th week of your pregnancy
As your baby keeps taking in this amniotic fluid, the body will absorb the water in the fluid and move the rest into the bowel. This process is good for your baby’s digestive system. To protect the baby’s skin from this amniotic acid, a whitish slick, fatty substance (vernix caseosa) begins to cover your baby. Due to the long immersion, your baby when born might still have a remnant of this whitish substance.
During this period, your baby will start developing red blood cells. Make sure you get enough iron as your baby will need it. Low iron consumption will increase the risk of birth defects. Iron will also help reduce bleeding during labor. Iron-rich foods include lean meat, green leaf, fish, poultry spinach, and cereals.
21st week of your pregnancy
During this week, watch what you say because your baby is listening. You can communicate to your baby by singing, talking and even reading aloud. When you give birth, your baby will suck their thumbs vigorously when you read from a book they have heard frequently. Pick a book now and read it out loud. This could be your baby’s favorite bedtime story long after birth. This is a unique way to bond with your baby.
In this week, your baby would have fully developed eyebrows, eyelids, and fingernails.
Your baby now measures 27 cm (10 ½ inches from crown to heel).
Say goodbye to high heels. They will make you uncomfortable and can cause backaches.
Notable Symptoms in This Month
Heartburn is one of the few symptoms you will experience almost throughout your pregnancy. As your baby continues to grow and push up to the level of your navel, this will cause acid to rise into your esophagus, resulting in heartburn. You can take some over-the-counter drugs like antacids to help you deal with the heartburn.
urn. You can take some over-the-counter drugs like antacids to help you deal with the heartburn.
Pregnancy affects your body tissues, including those inside your mouth. You might notice bleeding in your gum. This is due to the high estrogen level. Brushing with a soft brush and maintaining a good oral hygiene is recommended.
Increased progesterone and melanin can cause darkening of various parts of your body. You might notice stretch marks and dark spot around your armpit, neck and tummy. According to the Foundations of Maternal-Newborn and Women’s Health Nursing, ‘around 70 percent of women develop dark areas around the forehead, nose, and cheeks, a condition also known as “the mask of pregnancy.”
Some Do’s and Don’t’s during this month
|1.||Good Posture: Maintain a good posture at all times. Sit straight on the chair with back support.||No Alcohol – No Caffeine: You need to think of your baby’s health. Desist from smoking and alcohol|
|2.||Sleeping Posture: Always sleep to the left side and use lots of pillow for support||No worries: Now is the time you need to be strong. No worries, no phobia. Talk to your partner and your doctor for consolation.|
|3||Health. Fitness: Do some stretches and minor exercise. Always make sure you are being supervised by a professional trainer.||Don’t run: Well don’t run always. This is not good for your baby.|
Always have it at the back of your mind that pregnancy is a special and unique experience. Give it all you have and your baby will come out healthy. Eat right, live right and keep to your doctor’s appointment.