Pregnancy Due Date Calculator

Pregnancy Due Date Calculator

Updated: 3 August, 2019

What’s about the pregnancy due date calculator? If you are a pregnant woman, you are probably interested in when you are due for delivery. You are not alone as millions of first time pregnant women across the globe also want to have a clue about when their babies are due.

You may have been making marks on your calendar or counting the days on your fingers and toes, they are commendable but inefficient efforts. The easiest and best way to have a good idea of your due date is to use a pregnancy due date calculator. 

What is a due date calculator? 

This calculator is designed for bailing out pregnant women from their anxiety about when their baby is due. It will calculate and predict the due date so that such pregnant women will be adequately prepared for the arrival of their bundle of joy. Having said that, how does this calculator calculate the due date? 

How is due date calculated? 

The calculator uses a simple principle to make an estimated calculation of your due date. It does this by adding 280 days to the beginning of your last menstrual period, assuming that your menstrual cycle is 28 days.

In this case, your ovulation and menstrual period are considered as the first 14 days of your pregnancy. This will put your baby at 38 weeks old if you deliver within the estimated due date.

You should also note that some women have menstrual cycles that are below 28 days. This will impact the reading of the calculator, since it usually takes a menstrual cycle as 28 days.

Perhaps you want to have an idea of the length of your menstrual cycle. Not a bad idea. You can work out the length by counting from the first day of your last menstruation to the first day of the next one. This is 28 days on the average. So, add 280 days to your last menstruation and you have an estimated date of your delivery date. The pregnancy is estimated to last for between 37 and 42 weeks.

As it is repeatedly said, this is just an estimated date. Each pregnancy has its own peculiarity which makes generalization of delivery date unrealistic. Only 5% of delivery takes place within the estimated period while most deliveries take place a week or two either side of the estimated date. If you are concerned about your due date, consult your physician. They will carry out due date test to give you the estimated due date and some important information such as:

  • Conception date.
  • Due dates for multiples.
  • Prenatal testing dates.
  • Baby status which includes size, heartbeat etc.
  • Trimester stages.
  • Celebrities who share the birth date.
  • The due day in history. 

This information will guide you while making preparations for delivery and subsequent care of the baby.

Conclusion

Having pre-knowledge of your due date can be of help in putting your anxiety behind you and concentrate on the arrival of the baby. As such, you can concentrate on the more important things, your health and that of the unborn baby. Do whatever is necessary to make the due date a memorable one for you and your baby.

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Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – What is a due date calculator?

Chapter 2 – How is due date calculated?

Chapter 3 – Conclusion

 

7 Ways to Treat Your Skin Discoloration

7 Ways to Treat Your Skin Discoloration

Updated: 3 August, 2019

Struggling with skin discoloration? This post on Vital Health Recipes tells you how to treat it.

Which of your body organs gives you an identity? Which organ encloses your other organs, keeps away germs and diseases, keeps you warm when necessary and cools you down when needed, gives off antibacterial that prevents infection and prevents the damaging effect of excessive sunlight on your system?

Which body organ makes you look beautiful? Your Skin. Yes, the all protective skin. It is also responsible for your sensitivity to things you come in contact with as it has numerous nerves connected to the brain. Your skin carry out these functions with great competence, every day of your life. It is therefore necessary for you to understand the skin make-up.

Treat Skin Discoloration: Skin layers and their functions 

The epidermis, dermis and subcutis make up the three layers of your skin. They work together to execute all skin functions.

Keratinocyte, a product of the tough protein fibre, keratin, make up the bulk of the epidermis. Keratinocytes form layers and grow continuously. Old ones are pushed to the exterior as new ones are formed. The newly formed cells can take up to five days to reach the exterior before falling off. They are dead cells, scientifically referred to as strateum corneum. Langerhan cells which alert the body’s immune system to threats of viral and infectious diseases are located in the epidermis.

Beneath the epidermis is the dermis. It bears collagen and elastin fibres which are responsible for the strength and elasticity of the skin. Blood vessels that are embedded in the dermis regulate the body temperature as required by the body. Nerves and neurons responsible for sensitivity are also embedded here. Apocrine, sebaceous glands, sweat glands and hair follicles also originate from the dermis.

Subcutis is the skin layer found under the dermis. It consists of a large deposit of fat which acts as reserve for times of severe food shortage. This fat deposit serves as insulation as well as a cushion when we fall. 

Treat Skin Discoloration: Skin Types

Unlike the different body layers which are same for all individuals, skin types differ from one individual to the other. Your skin type depends largely on genetics coupled with moisture content and amount of sebum produced by your skin.

Normal skin: 

A normal skin is well proportioned, having normal moisture content and sebum production, neither oily nor dry. It is clear, glowy and smooth. They often occur in young people. The skin pores are fine and hardly seen. Skin tone is even, clear and smooth. Complexion is radiant, without blemish. This skin type is very resistant to harsh elements and irritants. Normal skin is less likely to suffer infection and irritation.

Dry skin: 

This skin type is tight, inelastic and brittle. It lacks adequate moisture and sebum, often scaly and rough. The skin tone is uneven, pores are barely visible and complexion is dull. The skin often feels itchy and sore making it prone to infection and irritation. Dry skin stretch and break readily, making wrinkles and fine lines more pronounced.

Genetic and environmental factors are primarily responsible for dry skin. Dehydration and long warm baths can also contribute to skin dryness. Hot water strips the skin of its protective oil says dermatologist Dr. Rogers, MD. People with dry skin produce less sebum and lack natural moisturizing properties which help the skin retain moisture. As you age your skin gets dryer as it is continuously stripped of moisture and sebum. Dry skin is common in women than men occurring more on the arms, hands, legs and soles. 

Sensitive skin: 

This skin type is the extreme case of dry skin. It itches more readily, turning red more often. Sores are quick to break out on sensitive skin. The skin is easily irritated either by the environment or cosmetics.

Sensitive skin is scaly and tingly. Spots are common on the skin. It is very fragile and prone to infection. People having severe sickness or compromised immune system can develop sensitive skin even if they did not have such skin before.

Oily skin: 

Oily skin is pale, looking less aged. It is often shiny and greasy, very prone to acne breakouts. The pores are pronounced and visible, clogged with dirt trapped by excess oil. Skin infection can occur from time to time as the large pores serve as breeding room for microbes.

Oily skin is greatly influenced by genetics but other factors like hormonal changes, diet, stress, cosmetics and lifestyle can cause oily skin. It is more common among men than women occurring more in adolescents and teenagers.

Combination skin: 

This is the most common skin type. When an individual has different skin types on different parts of the body, it becomes a combination skin. There is varying proportion of sebum production and moisture retention all over the entire body surface.

For most people having a combination skin, the face is usually oily while the leg and arms are often dry. The oily face has pronounced pores trapping dirt and bacteria therefore prone to infection. Other parts of the skin may be normal or dry. If the arms and legs are dry, itchiness may occur leading to irritation. People with combination skin type have oily T zone (forehead, chin and nose) on their face.

How to Check Your Skin Type

Use a clean face tissue to carry out this simple test to determine your skin type. The face will serve as a body sample for this skin test. Wipe your face in the morning immediately after waking up. If you have a normal skin type, the tissue will have no trace of oil. If you have a dry skin, there will be no trace of oil on the tissue too. However, your face will feel dry and flaky after drying it with the tissue. Oil spots will appear on the tissue if you have oil skin. The oil trace will correspond with the forehead, nose and cheeks. Combination skin will show trace of oil on the tissue corresponding with the forehead and nose but not the cheeks.

Skin texture

skin texture

 

Skin types greatly influence skin texture. The amount of sebum produced and the skin’s capacity to retain moisture determines the texture of the skin.

Dry skins usually feel flaky and brittle due to limited sebum production and inability of the skin to retain enough moisture. This gives the skin a coarse texture. They easily develop wrinkles and age more rapidly.

Oily skin is shiny and feels slippery. Due to its ability to trap dirt. The skin may feel dusty as dusts are trapped by oil onto the skin. Oil skin can feel slightly swollen as the numerous wide pores are filled with air.

Normal skin feels smooth. It has a fine texture. Pores are barely visible as there are no trapping of dirt or inflation with air. The skin appears vibrant, elastic and supple. It has a good circulation, and looks healthy.

Combination skin feels like all the skin types. Parts of the skin that is normal will feel smooth to touch, having good circulation. Dry part of the body will feel flaky and coarse while the oil skin part of the body will feel greasy and thick.

Sensitive skin feels even flakier than dry skin, peeling off constantly. They are very coarse and might be swollen from frequent sores and irritation.

Common Skin Discoloration Problems

By now you are well acquainted with the several skin types and textures. Some skin textures might be problematic while others give no stress. Common skin texture problems include the following;

  • Flaky skin
  • Uneven skin texture
  • Sunburn
  • Skin patches
  • Pale skin
  • Acne

7 Ways to Treat Your Skin Discoloration

There are many ways to improve the skin or treat any skin discoloration problem. However, it is very important and beneficial to develop a daily routine care for your skin. The truth is that adequate skin care can prevent skin texture problems.

According to dermatologist Heather D. Rogers, MD., there are 3 important steps to keep looking young at any age; protect your skin from the sun, provide your skin with nutrients to improve skin turnover and use products that gently remove the top layer of the dead skin.

Daily cleansing, moisturizing and use of sunscreen are simple routines to care for your skin daily. If skin texture problems occur, you can treat them in the following ways:

• Make antioxidants your best friend: 

Antioxidants are chemicals gotten from natural or processed products that neutralize free radical activities in the body. Free radicals are involved in excessive oxidation which harms the body. With time they destroy the collagen in the body and greatly reduce the elasticity of the skin. They wreak havoc on the skin over time. Use skin care products that contain antioxidants like vitamin A, C and E. Take plenty of fruits like tomato and carrot as they are rich in antioxidants. Sun flower oil and green tea extracts are also natural sources of antioxidants.

• Exfoliation: 

The outermost cell of the epidermis is shed every five days. Exfoliation is the conscious removal of the dead cells of the epidermis still stuck to the skin. It leaves your skin smooth and fresh. You can use natural or chemical products to exfoliate. Exfoliate at most twice in a week. Excessive exfoliation is bad, don’t overdo it. Use small amount of retinoids, glycolic or salicylic acid to help remove dead skin. If you have a sensitive skin, exfoliate less frequently using gentle scrubs. It removes flaky skin, making room for new skin to grow. Exfoliation gives you an even skin tone.

How you should be exfoliating your skin by skin type

• Moisturize daily: 

Skin texture problems like flaky and itchy skin arise due to dryness. Moisturizing gives more moisture to your skin, making it smoother and hydrated. Patches occur less on a skin that is well moisturized. Endeavor to moisturize daily after bath. The effects of good moisturizers can be seen within few days of usage. However, continuous usage gives more sustainable result. Use oil based moisturizer if you have dry skin and water based ones if you have oily skin. Those with normal skin are safe with healthy moisturizers.

Click here for guide on the best moisturizer for your skin.

• Eat healthy: 

Our daily diet can cause some major skin texture problems. Some people have recurring acne because they consume lots of unnecessary fats and oil. Others have dry skin leading to a coarse skin texture because they don’t take enough water. Aside antioxidant rich foods, ensure that your daily meal is balanced. Avoid too much oil if you have oily skin. Keep yourself hydrated by taking enough water daily. High glycemic index foods contribute to acne says dermatologist, Dr. Soheil Simzer of Ava MD.

• Make proper use of your sunscreen: 

Intense sunlight cause more harm than good to the skin. It causes sunburn, excessive dryness, pale skin and irritations. The sun makes the skin wrinkle and speeds up aging. According to an article from the skincare department of University of Maryland Medical center, exposure to sunlight is the most important cause of premature aging. UV rays present in sunlight cause great damage to the skin when you expose yourself to visible or invisible sunlight. Daily use of sunscreen prevents your skin from wrinkling and diminishes any previous lines or wrinkles. Use a good broad spectrum sunscreen (preferably SPF of 15 at least) to protect your skin from damage.

To learn how to use sunscreen on your skin click here.

• Pamper your skin once in a while: 

Your skin does so much for you, therefore it deserves a spa treatment once in a while. Spas range from modest and affordable to expensive and classy. Choose one that suits your budget. Good spas offer quality services. They have professionals who know how best to give your skin a soothing treatment. From massages to facials, a good spa treatment will enhance proper circulation in the skin which in turn gives you a desirable look. Good spas offer professional help for various skin texture problems.

• See a good dermatologist: 

A good dermatologist can always help you treat skin discolorations. When you have tried all the above procedures diligently with no positive result, you might have to visit a skin doctor. They will diagnose any persisting skin texture problem and offer treatments. Always choose a professional dermatologist who you are comfortable with. You might need to work hand in hand with your doctor to achieve a positive result. If you have sensitive skin, be careful of the products you use. It is better to get professional guidance for the cosmetics you use on your skin.

This video shows how to treat your skin discoloration and treat acne

Benzonatate: Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Benzonatate: Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Updated: 3 August, 2019

Benzonatate is a non-narcotic prescription drug for cough. It works by numbing the throat and lungs, slowing the cough reflex action. By reducing the reflex it suppresses the impulse to cough. This medication comes in capsule form of 100, 150 and 200mg. The oral capsule comes in big or much smaller (perle) forms. It is available as a generic drug and a brand, named Tessalon.

Generic form of the drug usually cost less than the brand form. However they might not always be available in all forms and strength as the brand types. The generic form benzonatate often comes in the strength of 100, 150 and 200 mg while the brand form, Tessalon is often presented in the strength of 200 mg capsule as reported in an article written by the Drug Information Group, University of Illinois, Chicago. There is a great similarity between this medication and ester-type local anesthetics such as painkillers. These drugs are used to numb the body or gum before carrying out medical and dental operations. It is best to store this medication in a tightly closed container at room temperature and away from light. Do not store it in moist places like the bathroom or under direct sunlight.

Uses

Benzonatate is of the antitussive group of medication used for the symptomatic relief of cough. Benzonatate controls cough by suppressing the reflexes in your airway. It is effective against cough caused by common cold. It is also used to treat breathing related health conditions influenced by cold such as pneumonia, bronchitis and asthma. Barr laboratories states that this drug acts peripherally by anesthetizing the stretch receptors located in the respiratory passages, lungs and pleura by dampening their activity and thereby reducing the cough reflex at its source.

The laboratory also confirmed that this drug has no inhibitory effect on the respiratory center in recommended dosage. Benzonatate can be administered to both adults and children above ten. Benzonatate is not recommended for children under 10. In 2010, FDA issued a new warning to keep the drug away from young children because of accidental overdose and death. This decision by the FDA was prompted by the increase in the death rate of children who took benzonatate. Children are often attracted to the shiny look of this capsule. The FDA advise parents to keep these capsules in child-proof containers. Parents should also ensure that the capsule is out of sight and reach of children. Inquire about any medication before letting your children take them.

According to an article by the medical department of Michigan University, young children often suffer fatalities because of the misuse of cold and cough medicines. Benzonatate must be used only when prescribed by the doctor as self-medication is dangerous. Endeavor to discuss its use and risks with your doctor before it. Benzonatate may be prescribed for other uses, always seek the instruction of your doctor or pharmacist before use. Short term treatment is often recommended for this drug as prolonged use may lead to unfavorable side effects.

Dosage 

The 100, 150 and 200 mg of benzonatate capsule is to be taken three times in a day or as otherwise prescribed by your doctor. Daily recommended dosage can be up to 600 mg divided into three parts. Do not exceed this number. Take the drug as prescribed by your doctor or pharmacist. Exceeding your prescribed dosage can be very dangerous. If your doctor prescribes a milligram too big for you to swallow at once (e.g 200 mg), you can take two smaller ones that add up to your prescription (two 100 mg). Discuss any uneasiness you feel about the drug dosage with your doctor or pharmacist. Always read the leaflet of your medication. Doctor’s prescription for this drug is refillable. You don’t have to get a new prescription for your refill. Your doctor will write the number of times you are allowed to refill to complete the required dosage for your treatment. Refrain from keeping drug in the glove compartment of your vehicle and don’t forget it in your car, especially when it is too cold or hot. Extreme temperatures are not good for this drug. The dosage, form and amount of benzonatate to be taken largely depend on these few factors;

  • Age
  • Medical problem being treated
  • Extent of infection or disease
  • Medical history
  • Your reaction to the first dose

How to Take Benzonatate

Benzonatate is taken orally with or without food. Benzonatate is normally taken three times daily or as otherwise directed by your doctor. It is presented as a liquid-filled capsule. Do not suck, dissolve, break, cut or chew this drug in your mouth. It is advised to swallow the whole capsule once, with a glass of water. You don’t want to experience a numb feeling in your mouth. Letting it dissolve in your mouth will cause loss of feeling from your mouth down to your throat. This can be very dangerous as it can trigger an intense allergic reaction and might make you choke. If by mistake you dissolve the drug in your mouth and experience these symptoms, do not eat or drink any other thing until the numbness ceases. If numbness persists or intensifies seek medical help immediately. If taken properly the effect of benzonatate sets in within 15-20 minutes of swallowing. By numbing the receptors in your airways, the cough becomes less frequent after taking this medication. Once in the body system the effect will last 3-8 hours before it begins to wear off.

You may have to take this medication with other medication(s) as a combined therapy. If you are allergic to benzonatate or topical medicine like tetracaine and procaine as contained in some insect bite cream and sunburn creams, do not use this medication. Ask your doctor for a list of ingredients to know if you are allergic to any. Drink less caffeine liquid during your period of medication unless advised otherwise by your doctor. Let your doctor or pharmacist know about any medication or supplement you are taking, so as not to prescribe contradictory drugs for you. An article published by the National Institute of Health, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services states that if you are taking benzonatate while planning for surgery including dental surgery, tell the doctor or dentist about your medication.

Overdose

Overdose of benzonatate is dangerous and can be fatal. In children, the risk of  overdose is very high even at low doses. Get emergency medical help immediately you suspect drug overdose. As the medication effect kicks in within 15-20 minutes of ingestion, symptoms of overdose also sets in within this time limit. Death may occur if symptoms persist for few hours and left untreated. According to Bar Laboratories Inc., benzonatate is similar to topical analgesics.

They are generally well absorbed after ingestion. Symptoms of overdose include:

  • Dizziness
  • Loss of memory
  • Blurred vision
  • Convulsion
  • Slowed speech
  • Nausea
  • Restlessness
  • Irregular breathing
  • Neck stiffness
  • Numbness in the face, tongue, throat or mouth
  • Seizure
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Walking difficulty
  • Heart attack

If you are far from emergency medical attention in any case of overdose, try to forcefully vomit all that you have taken in. Take in large quantity of activated charcoal slurry.

If you miss a dose of your medication wait till the next medication time. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not double your prescribed dose because you missed your previous dose. Always take your medication as prescribed by the doctor or pharmacist. Don’t take your drugs between recommended time. Take a single dose at a time, not double dose at once. If your cough is not getting any better after few doses, call your doctor and report it. If this medication does not work for you, there might be a need to change the medication or reassess your medical condition. Remember that cough can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition.

Side Effects

As effective as it is benzonatate side effects may be experienced. The following are some side or adverse effects of this medication.

  • Constipation
  • Skin itch
  • Rashes
  • Drowsiness
  • Stomach upset
  • Stuffy nose
  • Nausea

In severe cases of adverse effects you might experience

  • Dizziness
  • Sedation
  • Confusion
  • Restlessness
  • Breathing problem
  • Chest pain
  • Chest numbness
  • Choking feeling
  • Hallucination
  • Chilly feeling
  • Burning sensation in the eye
  • Headache

Once you notice these symptoms, call the doctor. Do not ignore them thinking they will go away, contact your doctor immediately.

If you are allergic to this drug you will experience one or more of the following when taking it:

  • Swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat
  • Hives
  • Difficulty in breathing

Get medical help immediately you experience these symptoms. You might have to discontinue the medication. Talk to your doctor and follow his counsel. Ensure that you properly dispose of unused benzonatate away from pets, children and other people. Do not flush this medication down the toilet. The best way to dispose of it is through a medical take-back program.

Drugs Contradicting Benzonatate

While taking this medication If you are using other drugs that make you feel sleepy (muscle relaxants, drugs for seizures, depression or anxiety, drugs for cold and allergy, pain relieving drugs, sedatives and sleeping pills) tell your doctor before embarking on benzonatate medication. Your previous pills can increase the side effects of this medication, making them more pronounced and life threatening. You can’t afford to withhold information on any medication you are currently taking or ones you are allergic to. Let your doctor know about all the drugs you take, whether prescribed or not. Account of all the supplements, vitamins and herbal products you are on should also be made to your doctor. Do not think they don’t matter, they do. When your doctor knows all the drugs you are taking, he will be able to adjust your medication to give the best result, with very little or no side effects.

Usage during pregnancy: and nursing

According to Bar Laboratories Inc., animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with this medication. As of this moment, doctors and pharmacists are not fully convinced that this medication can cause any fetal damage when given to a pregnant woman. However from more research findings, there might be slight effect of this medication on the fetus. There is still no conclusive report on this issue. There is also no proof of any effect of the drug on reproduction capacity. It is however wise to administer this medication to pregnant women only if it is really necessary. Though many medications are excreted in breast milk, it is not known if this drug is excreted also but doctors suspect so.

You may need to either stop taking this drug while you continue breastfeeding or stop breast feeding if you must continue with the drug. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about this if you are nursing or pregnant. They will help you decide. If you have to continue breastfeeding while taking this drug, the medication should be administered with serious care. Do not self-medicate at any time especially if you are pregnant or nursing a child.

Warnings against it’s usage

  • Extreme cases of hypersensitivity have been recorded among patients taking this medication. This reaction is believed to be related to anesthesia gotten from sucking or chewing the capsule instead of swallowing it whole with a glass of water. Severe adverse reactions resulting from this have necessitated intervention using vasopressor agents and supportive measures.
  • Separate occurrences of strange behavior have been documented on patients taking this medication alone or in combination with other drugs. Such erratic behaviors include mental confusion and visual hallucination. This act left the patients affected in an unbalanced situation for a while.

Precautions

After thorough research, this drug has been found to be chemically related to anesthetic agents of the para-amino-benzoic acid class. These groups of drugs have been linked with adverse CNS effect. This effect is suspected to be related to a previous sensitivity to related agents or joint use with concomitant drugs.

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Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – Uses

Chapter 2 – Dosage

Chapter 3 – How to Take Benzonatate

Chapter 4 – Overdose

Chapter 5 – Side Effects

Chapter 6 – Drugs Contradicting Benzonatate

 

15 Simple and Quick Potato Recipes to Start off Your Day

15 Simple and Quick Potato Recipes to Start off Your Day

Updated: 3 August, 2019

Mornings are usually rush hours especially if you have a place to be. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day, dietitians advise us to take them seriously. You don’t want to have just anything for breakfast, you need to fuel your body for the day’s activities. Potatoes can make a tasty meal. If you love potato then you might know two or more different recipes to make a wonderful meal out of it. There are times when you just want to start your day with a special simple and quick potato meal. At times like this you rack your brain for a recipe you can prepare with the limited time you have. The following potato recipes are not just delicious but simple. Better still, they are powerful and satisfying meals that will give you the necessary boost to start your day. I hope you have fun trying out these recipes.

Quick Potato Recipes

1. Spanish Potato Omelette

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 40 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 50 Minutes

Spanish Potato Omelette

 

Ingredients

1 1/2 lb potato (peel and cut into thick size of about 1/8″)

6 large eggs

1 large onion (slice thinly)

1 1/4c olive oil

Finely chopped parsley for garnishing (optional)

Salt

Directions

  • Break the eggs in a bowl. Add a pinch of salt, beat egg and put aside. Put sliced potatoes in a large bowl and sprinkle 1/4 teaspoon of salt. Make sure the salt gets to all potato surface.
  • Heat oil on medium in a non-stick skillet. Add potatoes. Cook until tender but not breaking apart (usually around 10-12 minutes), turning gently from time to time. Transfer potatoes back to a large bowl (preferably with a slotted spoon).
  • Add onion to skillet. Cook for 10 minutes (or until tender), stirring occasionally. Transfer onion to bowl containing potatoes. Let the mixture cool a little. Add eggs and stir until properly mixed.
  • Remove the oil from the skillet leaving behind 2 teaspoons. Heat oil in skillet on medium for one minute. Add egg-potato-onion mixture into skillet and heat on medium (ensure that the mixture is evenly spread). Cook until just before eggs are fully set and edges are brown (this should take 7 minutes).
  • Using a rubber spatula, loosen the edges. Remove skillet from heat and cover with a large plate. Holding the large plate and skillet together, carefully invert. Slide omelette onto the skillet again and cook on medium for 3minutes (center and bottom of the omelette should be set by now). Garnish with parsley if you desire. Serve meal warm.

Learn more on how to prepare this recipe in this short video.

2. Accordion Potatoes

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 37 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 47 minutes

Accordion Potatoes

 

Ingredients 

6-8 large red potatoes

2 tbs. extra virgin olive oil

1/2 tsp. of salt

1/2 tsp. black pepper (roughly ground)

Chopped fresh parsley leaves (optional)

Chopped fresh thyme leaves (optional)

Directions 

  • Preheat oven to 450 degree F. Slice each potato thinly without cutting all the way through.
  • Put potatoes on a dish (use microwave safe dish). Cover with waxed paper. Put microwave on high and cook the potatoes. This should take like 12-15 minutes (should be easily pierced with knife by now).
  • Transfer potato to metal baking pan. Gently drizzle oil between slices and sprinkle with 1/2 salt and 1/4 teaspoon ground black pepper. Roast for 25 minutes in the oven (should be light brown by now). Transfer potatoes to platter and sprinkle herbs as desired.

For a video tutorial on this recipe click here

3.  Stuffed Parmesan Potatoes

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 35 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 45 minutes

Stuffed Parmesan Potatoes

 

Ingredients

3 medium sized russet potatoes

1/2 cup of cream

1/2 cup of grated parmesan cheese (2 portions)

5 basil leaves

0.13 tsp. dried thyme

1/2 tsp. salt

0.13 tsp. pepper

Directions

  • Scrub the 3 medium potatoes. Pierce them with a fork.
  • Put potato into a baking dish and cover with porous plastic wrap. Microwave on high for 17 minutes (until tender). Cut each potato into half and scoop flesh into bowl. Cut slice off bottom.
  • Mash flesh, cream, one portion of grated parmesan cheese, basil leaves, salt and dried pepper all together. Scoop mixture into potato halves and place in a baking dish.
  • Top up with remaining portion of grated parmesan cheese. Bake for 15 minutes in 425 degree F oven.

Click here to watch a video on this recipe

4. Creamy Potato Salad

PREP: 20 minutes

COOK: 10 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 30 minutes

creamy

 

Ingredients

3 lb potatoes

1/2 cup mayonnaise

1/2 cup milk

2 tbs. distilled wine vinegar

1tsp. sugar

Directions

  • Put potatoes into water (let the water cover potatoes by 1 inch), add 1 tbs salt. Cover the pot partially and boil on high heat. After a while, reduce heat to simmer. Cook for 12-15 minutes (until potatoes are tender). Drain well.
  • Whisk mayonnaise, sugar, milk, vinegar, 1 teaspoon salt and 1/2 teaspoon pepper in a large bowl. Add half of this mixture to potatoes as dressing and let it cool.
  • Add the remaining dressing and celery to potatoes. Toss until the potatoes are well coated with dressing. Wrap in chives and parsley. Serve meal immediately or keep refrigerated while still covered for up to 4 hours.

Watch a video tutorial on this recipe.

5. Potato Halves (with smoked salmon and dill)

PREP: 20 minutes

COOK: 10 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 30 minutes

Potato Halves

Ingredients

15-20 baby red tomatoes

2 tbs. water

1 tbs. olive oil

1/4 tbs. black pepper  (coarsely ground)

1/4 cup reduced-fat sour cream

1/2 tbs. salt

4 oz. sliced smoked salmon

1 tbs. snipped salmon (fresh) 

Directions

  • Put potatoes and water into a large bowl (microwave-safe bowl). Cover bowl with porous plastic wrap and microwave till immediately fork-tender (this should take about 5-6 minutes).
  • Set up makeshift outdoor grilling for direct grilling on medium.
  • Place microwaved potatoes on jelly rolled pan. Brush the entire surface of potatoes with olive oil. Salt and pepper them. Place potatoes on the already hot grill, cook them until the both sides are slightly brown (turn over once).
  • With the round sides touching the plate, arrange potatoes on serving plate. Using 1/4 sour cream, 1piece salmon and some dill, top each potato.

Learn more about this recipe here

6.  Crispy potatoes with Vegan Nacho Sauce

PREP: 15 minutes

COOK: 30 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 45 minutes

Crispy potatoes

 

Ingredients

2 lb. baby halved potatoes

3 tbs. canola oil

1 cup raw cashew  (unsalted, soaked overnight and drained)

3 tbs. lemon juice

1/2 tsp. chilli powder

1/2 tsp. growing cumin

1/2 tsp. sweet paprika

1/2 tsp. garlic powder

1 tsp. sea salt (coarse)

1/4 cup yeast

1/2 jalapeno chile (seeded and chopped) 

Directions

  • Preheat oven to 450 degree F. Toss potatoes with oil, 1/2 teaspoon salt and 1/4 teaspoon pepper. Spread potatoes evenly on rimmed baking sheet. Roast until golden and crispy (30 minutes). Stir only once.
  • Blend cashew, chilli powder, paprika, lemon juice, garlic powder, yeast, sea salt, cumin and jalapeno into puree with one cup of water into a smooth puree. Transfer to sauce pan, heat on medium until warm (5 minutes), stir occasionally.
  • Transfer to bowl. Serve with the previously roasted tomatoes.

Learn more about this recipe

 7. Chicken-Stuffed Spuds

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 30 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 40 minutes

Chicken Stuffed Spuds

 

Ingredients

4 russet potatoes

1 tbs. olive oil

1 bunch green onions

1 tsp. fennel seeds

1 lb. ground chicken

1 large red pepper

1/4 cup reduced-fat sour cream

2 tsp. chilli source 

Directions

  • Preheat oven to 425 degree F. Pierce potatoes with fork and place on microwave-safe plate. Microwave on high till tender (14-16 minutes), turn once. Transfer to oven, cook until skin is crisp (5-7 minutes).
  • Cook oil on medium in a nonstick skillet for a minute. Add green onions and fennel seeds. Cook for two minutes, stirring constantly. Add red pepper, chilli sauce, chicken, 1/2 teaspoon of salt. Cook until chicken lose its entire pink colour (8 minutes ), stirring constantly.
  • Cut a slit in each potato. Fill it up with the chicken mixture. You can add your sour cream and your green onions as topping. Your chicken-stuffed spuds is ready.

For more a video tutorial on this recipe click

 8. Masala wedge fries

PREP: 3 minutes

COOK: 45 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 48 minutes

Masala wedge fries

 

Ingredients

2 lb. russet potatoes (peel and cut into skinny wedges)

1/4 cup canola oil

2 tsp. garam masala

1/2 tsp. salt

1/2 small onion (slice thingly)

1/4 cup fresh cilantro (chopped)

Directions

Toss potatoes with salt, garam masala and canola oil on a large baking sheet. Roast in oven at 450 degree F until crispy (45 minutes), do not stir.

Drape with onion and cilantro. Your masala wedge meal is ready.

Click here to learn more about this recipe.

9.  Lemon-Rosemary Chicken Spatula

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 30 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 40 minutes

Lemon Rosemary Chicken Spatula

 

Ingredients

4-6 medium red potatoes  (slice thingly)

1 tsp. salt (2 portions)

4 large chicken thigh (remove bone)

4 tbs. melted butter

1 tbs. pepper (2 portions)

Slices of lemon

4 tbs. fresh rosemary 

Directions

  • Preheat oven to 400 degree F.
  • Get foil sheet for each potato, arrange potato on them with sheets overlapping. Place chicken thigh on each foil. Drizzle each with melted butter. Season with 1/2 teaspoon salt and pepper. Top each foil content with lemon and fresh rosemary. Seal each of the packet foil.
  • Bake foil content until tender (30 minutes)

For a video tutorial of this recipe click here

10. Parisian Potato Salad

PREP: 20 minutes

COOK: 25 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 45 minutes

parisian

 

Ingredients

3 lb. potato

3/4 Greek yoghurt

3 tbs. extra-virgin olive oil

2 tbs. grainy mustard

4 stalks of celery (slice thingly)

1/2 cup pickles (drained and thingly sliced)

1/2 small red onions (cut very thin)

5 hard-cooked eggs (coarsely chopped)

1/4 cup finely chopped parsley 

Directions

  • Boil potatoes with salt in a large pot (partially cover pot). Reduce heat to keep potatoes simmering. Cook until potatoes are tender (12-15 minutes). Drain properly and let it cool.
  • Stir dressing of yogurt, mustard, oil and 1 teaspoon of salt with pepper in a large bowl. Add potatoes to dressing and turn until well coated.
  • Fold potatoes in celery, pickles and red onion. Gently fold in egg or parsley. Serve your potato salad immediately (It can be refrigerated for a day if covered).

Click here to watch a video on this recipe.

11.  Brown Butter Mashed Potatoes

PREP: 30 minutes

COOK: 15 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 45 minutes

Brown Butter Mashed Potatoes

 

Ingredients

1/2 cup unsalted butter

3 potatoes  (peel into half inch size)

Salt

Black pepper

1/2 cup buttermilk

Chopped chives 

Directions

  • Cook butter over medium heat in a medium saucepan until brown (6-8 minutes). Let it cool.
  • Simmer potatoes in a large pot of salted water until tender (12-16 minutes), drain well. Transfer back the potatoes to pot and cook over low heat until potatoes are dry (3-5 minutes), stirring constantly.
  • Mix butter, butter milk and potatoes together. Beat on low with electric mixer until smooth (30 seconds to 1 minute). Do not overheat. Season with salt and pepper.
  • Your meal is ready. Serve with chives topping.

Click here to watch the video of this recipe.

12.  Dill Pickle Potato Salad

PREP: 20 minutes

COOK: 10 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 30 minutes

Dill Pickle Potato Salad

 

Ingredients

3 lb baby potatoes  (slice into halves or quarters if large)

Kosher salt

Black pepper (freshly ground)

3/4 cup chopped dill pickles (add 5 tbs. brine)

2 tbs. red wine vinegar

3 celery ribs (chopped)

1/4 cup chopped fresh parsley

3/4 cup mayonnaise

Directions

  • Put potatoes in a sauce pan and fill with salted cold water. Bring to boil, reduce heat and let it simmer till tender (4-6 minutes). Drain properly.
  • Toss potatoes carefully with pickle brine and vinegar in a bowl. Let it cool for 15 minutes, stirring occasionally.
  • Stir celery, parsley, mayonnaise and pickles together in a separate bowl. Add potatoes and any remaining brine mixture. Toss to mix properly. Season with salt and pepper.
  • Your dill pickle and potato salad is ready. Serve immediately or refrigerate for two days.

To watch a video on this recipe click here.

13.  The Ultimate Mashed Potatoes 

PREP: 10 minutes

COOK: 30 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 40 minutes

ultimate Mashed Potatoes

 

Ingredients

3 lb russet potatoes

Kosher salt

Pepper (freshly ground)

4 tbs. unsalted butter

3/4 cup half-and-half 

Directions

  • Put potatoes in a large pot, cover with salted water by 2 inches. Bring to boil over medium heat. Reduce heat to medium and simmer until potatoes are tender when pierced with a knife (25 minutes).
  • Drain potatoes properly in a colander and turn back to pot. Add melted butter. Mash potatoes with potato masher(pass potatoes through ricer for a smoother texture).
  • Stir in half-in-half and 1 teaspoon salt onto potatoes until creamy (do not over-stir). Season with salt and pepper. Serve your ready Ultimate potatoes hot.

For a video on this recipe click here.

14.  Deviled Egg Potato Salad 

PREP: 30 minutes

COOK: 5 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 35 minutes

Deviled Egg Potato Salad 

 

Ingredients

4 lb Yukon gold potatoes (peel and cut them into inch per piece)

Kosher salt

Black pepper (freshly ground)

1 cup mayonnaise

3 tbs. yellow mustard

6 hard boiled large eggs (peel and chop them)

3 celery ribs (slice thingly) plus 1/4 cup chopped celery leaves

6 scallions  (slice thingly)

1/3 cup chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley

1 jar diced pimentos (drain properly)

Sweet paprika for garnishing (optional) 

Directions

  • Place potatoes in a medium saucepan and cover with salted water. Simmer until tender (4-5 minutes). Drain.
  • Mix mayonnaise and custard in a bowl. Add potatoes, celery and leaves, eggs, scallions, parsley, pimentos. Toss for good mixing. Season with pepper and salt. You can garnish your ready deviled egg potato salad with paprika if you desire.

Click here to watch a video on this recipe.

15.  Irish Potato Bites

PREP: 20 minutes

COOK: 20 minutes

TOTAL TIME: 40 minutes

Irish Potato Bites

 

Ingredients

20 small red potatoes (golf ball size)

1/2 cup corned beef

1/4 cup cheddar cheese (shredded)

1 tbs. butter (melted)

1/8 tsp. salt

Sour cream (optional) 

Directions

  • Fill pot with water and bring to boil. Add potatoes and boil until they are fork tender. Leave to cool.
  • Preheat oven to 400 degree F. Cut a small size off the top of the rounded end of potatoes to enable them sit up.
  • Scoop out the inside of each potato and store them in a bowl. Add cheese, butter and corned beef to the bowl holding the scopped potatoes inside. Add salt to season mixture. Also sprinkle salt on the other halved potatoes.
  • Scoop mixture into potato halves and put on a baking sheet.
  • Put baking sheets in oven for about 10 minutes. Remove from oven. Serve your Irish Potato Bites with sour cream.

Watch a video on this recipe

We believe these 15 simple and quick potato recipes are enough options for you to choose from to start off your day.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – Quick Potato Recipes

 

Famotidine: Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Famotidine: Uses, Dosage, and Side Effects

Updated: 3 August, 2019

This post on Vital Health extensively discusses Famotidine, its uses, dosage and possible side effects.

Famotidine is a drug made for the treatment of acid reflux and heartburn. It is available as both generic and brand drug (commonly known as Pepcid). Generic drugs cost less than the brand ones. They are usually not available in every strength as the brand ones. It can be taken by both adults and children. Children below 12 years of age should be monitored closely by doctors while taking this medication.

Famotidine Uses

What sickness is famotidine used to treat? What is this drug made for? Famotidine belongs to the class of medication commonly known as H2 antagonists, H2 blockers or Histamine 2. If you are suffering from stomach or duodenal (intestinal) ulcer, gastroesophageal reflow disease (GERD) or secretion of excess stomach acid (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome), famotidine might just be what you need. When sores occur on the lining of the stomach and small intestine, ulcers arise. When there is a backward flow of acid from the stomach causing heartburn and injury to the esophagus, it is referred to as GERD. Famotidine work on these health issues by reducing the amount of acid secreted by the stomach.

Prescription famotidine is presented as both tablet and liquid (suspension) forms. You are to take this medication orally. Over-the-counter famotidine comes as a chewable tablet, ordinary tablet to be swallowed and capsule also to be taken by mouth. Your stomach produces acid on its own. This is not harmful as long as the acid production is on a safe limit. When this limit is exceeded, there is a problem. This will require medical attention. Famotidine blocks the histamine 2 (H2) receptor in your tummy. This receptor assists in the release of acid in your tummy. Therefore, by blocking this receptor, the drug cuts down on the amount of acid released in your tummy. It is not best for your health if you just go off and get drugs regarding any health issue without paying your doctor a visit and undergoing the right medical test. It is only after professional opinion has been made that you can begin treatment or management, with drugs prescribed by either your doctor or pharmacist. It is therefore important to get them checked out.

Famotidine can be used without prescription, but it is better to consult your doctor or pharmacist before taking it. At least let them give you professional guidance. It is very dangerous to self-medicate, you should only do so after talking to your doctor. Stomach upset and ulcer might be symptoms of a more underlying sickness. If you are self-medicating with this drug ensure that you read the instructions on the package carefully and understand them. You can use over-the-counter famotidine medication to treat conditions that require the reduction of stomach acid. These medical conditions may include heartburn, acid indigestion and stomach upset. Even if they are associated with the consumption of food and beverages, famotidine can be used to prevent their occurrence.

You can get various forms, strengths and brands of this medication. A brand might not come have all forms and strength of this drug. Your doctor or pharmacist may not approve of all the brands for your condition, use only the brand they approve of. Also, all forms of this drug may not be effective against your own symptoms. Use only the prescribed forms as they will be of more benefit to your health. It is possible for your doctor to prescribe this drug for conditions other than the above listed ones. Make sure you discuss with your doctor before using this drug for medical conditions other than generally specified. Talk to your doctor about any concern you may have about this. It is not safe to stop using this medication without your doctor telling you to stop. You might think the condition has been treated and stop taking your drugs. It is not wise. Always follow your doctor’s instructions.

It is dangerous for someone else to take drugs prescribed for you. Do not give this drug to another person even if they show or complain of the same symptoms you have. They should consult their doctor or pharmacist before using this medication.

Famotidine Dosage

famotidine

A tablet or suspension of this drug may be prescribed for you based on the extent of your sickness. Just like the prescribed ones, over-the-counter famotidine can be a chewable tablet, normal tablet or capsule. They are also to be taken by mouth, once or twice a day. Famotidine is available as 10 mg, 20 mg and 40 mg tablets. According to the usual doctor’s directives for adults, you can take this drug once daily just before going to bed (20 or 40 mg). You can also take one tablet (20 or 40 mg) twice or four times daily, depending on the condition being treated. It is best to use this drug 10-15 minutes before taking food or drink that might trigger the symptoms being treated. However if eating certain foods or drinking some types of liquids does not trigger the treated symptoms, you can take this medication with or without food.

If you are an elderly person or have decreased kidney function, you may be directed to take lower doses or have longer interval between doses. Read the package label of any drug you are taking carefully before you start using it. Carefully adhere to all the directions that come with your drug package. If you don’t understand any of the instructions or have any form of misgivings about them, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Please do not act on your own. Take this drug exactly as you are directed to. Do not increase or decrease your dosage without being instructed by your doctor. Do not take this drug more often than you are told to. Do not stop your medication unless the doctor tells you to, do not continue taking this drug if you have been directed to stop it.

For treatment of duodenal ulcer, 40 mg of this drug might be prescribed for you. Use this at bed time for 4-8 weeks or less if healing occurs. You may be advised by your doctor to continue taking 20 mg of the drug once daily for 6-12 months after healing. The same prescription may be offered by your doctor for benign stomach ulcer without the continuation therapy after healing. The dose varies for individual patients suffering from Zollinger-Ellison syndrome and similar conditions, starting with 20 mg every 6 hours. For relieve or prevention of GERD, 20 mg of the drug can be taken twice daily. If this drug is used for treatment of esophageal damage related to GERD, 40 mg is usually taken twice daily.

If you are using the suspension form of this drug, shake well for 5-10 seconds before each use. Ensure that the drug mix properly. If you are using the chewable tablet, chew thoroughly before swallowing. Make sure you swallow tablet with full glass of water. Do not take over-the-counter famotidine for more than 2 weeks straight, unless your doctor tells you to. Do not take more than 2 capsules of chewable or ordinary tablet of this drug in 24 hours, if it is over-the-counter type. The usual dose when using this form of unprescribed drug for children over 12 years of age and adults is 10 mg to 40 mg to be taken once daily. If heartburn, acid indigestion or sour stomach upset symptoms continue after 2 weeks, take a break from this drug and call your physician. According to an article by the Drug Information Group, University of Illinois-Chicago, famotidine can be used by children of all ages for the treatment of GERD. It has not been examined in children below 1 year for the treatment of ulcer. Also, it is yet to be studied in children who below the age of 16 for the treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions.

The injectable form of this drug may be used in hospitals for special occasions. It is usually used when a patient is unable to swallow tablets. 20 mg is usually injected into the body every 12 hours through the vein. Your body weight, other medical conditions and any other medications you are currently on, can affect the dose you are to take.

If your symptoms decrease and you feel less pain while taking this drug it means the drug is working for you. It is very important to watch what you eat as they may irritate your stomach, rendering the drug ineffective. These irritations can even worsen your symptoms. Follow your doctor’s direction on what to eat when treating stomach or duodenal ulcer. If your symptoms persist after several doses, call your doctor. Other similar drugs may be better for you. You may also need to adjust your lifestyle if you smoke, drink, pass through stress constantly or eat poor meals so as to improve the effectiveness of this drug.

When not to take Famotidine

If you are allergic to famotidine or any ingredient of the medication, do not take it. Remember to ask for a list of the drug ingredients to know which one you may react to. Do not take this drug if you are also allergic to other acid reducing agents otherwise known as H2 receptor antagonists (cimetidine, ranitidine, nizatidine, etc.). Do not take this drug with other prescription and nonprescription drugs used to treat heartburn unless directed to do so by the doctor.

Let your doctor or pharmacist know the following before you start taking famotidine medication;

  • If you are allergic to any medication
  • A detailed information on all the prescription and nonprescription drugs, supplements, vitamins and herbal products you are taking
  • If you have phenylketonuria (PKU) and any history of swallowing trouble or kidney disease.
  • If you are pregnant, planning to get pregnant or breastfeeding. Call your doctor if you get pregnant while on this medication.

Do not exceed the dose specified for you. If you discover you missed your dose on time, take your drug as you were supposed to. However if you discover you missed a dose and it’s almost time for your next dose, wait till the next dose and take it. Do not double your next dose. Try as much as possible to adhere strictly to your medication routine. For this drug to work well a certain amount needs to be in your system at all times and your routine have to be constant. 

Overdose of this drug can trigger the following;

  • Seizures
  • Confusion
  • Restlessness
  • Severe muscle pain

In any case of overdose, call your doctor or local poison control center.

Side Effects

There are side effects for both adults and children taking this drug. Adults can experience side effects like diarrhea, headaches, dizziness and constipation while children may experience agitation and restlessness often crying for no reason. These side effects usually stop after few days. However it is advisable to quickly reach your doctor if the symptoms graduate to serious cases like;

  • Heart problems (dizziness, fainting, shortness of breath, irregular heart rate)
  • Severe muscle problems (weakness, fever, unusual muscle pain)
  • Neurological problems (sleeping problems, seizures, decreased sex drive, depression, agitation and anxiety)
  • Liver problems (unusual weakness, loss of appetite, stomach pain, change in urine colour, yellowing of skin) Skin problems (blisters, rash, mouth ulcer).

Interactions with other drugs

If you are currently on any medications, supplements or herbs, famotidine may interact with them. These substances alter the mode of action of the drug. Oftentimes they might inhibit the drug action. The only way to prevent this interaction is to tell your doctor or pharmacist the substances you are presently taking. With this information, they will counsel you properly on which of the substances to take or stop taking while on this medication.

Storage

It is best to store this drug at room temperature, away from direct light and moisture (do not store in bathrooms). Keep your drug away from children and pets. Unless instructed otherwise, do not flush your medication down the toilet or pour down the drain. Reach out to your local waste disposal agency or pharmacist to be enlightened on proper ways to dispose expired drugs or those that may no more be in use.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – Famotidine Uses

Chapter 2 – Famotidine Dosage

Chapter 3 – When not to take Famotidine

Chapter 4 – Side Effects

Chapter 5 – Interactions with other drugs

Chapter 6 – Storage

 

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