Updated: 5 August, 2019

Experiencing abdominal pain during pregnancy may be your body’s reaction to the need to accommodate your baby during its growing stage. Some of the causes of this abdominal pain are minor, while some others should be taken seriously. It is important for you as an expectant mother to know the possible causes of this pain in order to prepare yourself against major causes and how to treat the back pain.

Some causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy are:

7 Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy 

1.   Round Ligament Pain

If you experience a sharp pain during change of positions, that is a symptom of round ligament pain. There are two ligaments in your body that run from your groin to your uterus. During the growth of the uterus, the ligaments will be stretched, causing discomfort. This is one of the harmless pains during pregnancy and occurs during the second trimester of the pregnancy. Round ligament pain usually resolves itself overtime. However, you should consult your ob-gyn if the problem persists. 

2.   Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection affects 10% of pregnant women. If it is not given the right attention during its early stage when it can be treated with antibiotics, it can lead to serious abdominal pain. You can suspect this if you experience burning sensation while urinating along with the abdominal pain. The infection can degenerate to serious kidney infection which may increase your chances of preterm labor which is another painful experience. 

3.   Placenta abruption

This happens when the placenta is separated from the uterus before delivery. Some of the symptoms of placenta abruption are constant pain leading to prolonged hard stomach, bloody fluid, tenderness in the abdomen, and breakage of your water prematurely. This pain can be life-threatening because the premature separation may impact on the fetus negatively. It is common in pregnant women with history of the abruption, preeclampsia, abdominal trauma, or high blood pressure. 

4.   Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure in pregnant women and occurs after 5 months of gestation. It can be identified by upper abdominal pain under the right side ribs. In pregnant women, high blood pressure can lead to stunted baby growth because it will reduce the oxygen supply to the fetus. 

5.   Miscarriage

Miscarriage affects roughly 20% of all pregnancies, making it a serious pregnancy problem that shouldn’t be handled with levity. It usually occurs within the first three months of pregnancy. Symptoms of miscarriage are severe back pain, regular contractions, and bleeding. 

6.   Constipation and gas

A pregnant woman cannot avoid constipation and gas as they are part of pregnancy experience. This occurs when progesterone hormone inhibits your gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing the movement of food through the tract. It is important to give consideration to this problem because the production of progesterone increases during gestation. You can combat constipation and gas by eating foods that are rich in fiber or drinking enough water during the day. 

7.   Preterm labor

This is another cause of abdominal pain that should be taken seriously. It is associated with unrelenting backache before your 37th week of pregnancy. Sometimes, you may experience leaking blood or vaginal fluid. If you experience this pain that is also called first alarm, consult your ob-gyn without delay. 


Now that you are acquainted with some causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy through this article, you should try to control the effects of the pain on you and your baby by consulting your ob-gyn for regular checkups.

That’s it, guys. We hope you found this post useful. Please share your thoughts.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – 7 Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy

Chapter 2 – Conclusion


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