Does Rhinoplasty Correct Nasal Breathing Problems?

Does Rhinoplasty Correct Nasal Breathing Problems?

Updated: 30 July, 2019

The main purpose of rhinoplasty is to fix cosmetic issues in the nose which is an important health priority. However, the surgery can also fix functional problems that affect your breathing. A nasal surgery that improves breathing is known as a functional rhinoplasty. This type of procedure is similar to a traditional rhinoplasty, but the surgeon removes or reshapes the bone and tissue to improve the nose’s functioning rather than its appearance. Functional rhinoplasty can also be combined with the traditional procedure to correct cosmetic problems and improve your breathing.

If you constantly struggle to breathe through your nose, it may be a sign that your nasal passages are obstructed. There are several causes of nasal obstruction, but most can be fixed with rhinoplasty.

Symptoms of Nasal Obstruction

Constant nasal congestion and difficulty breathing are the two most common symptoms of nasal obstruction. Everyone experiences nasal congestion sometimes, but if your nose always feels blocked or congested, there may be a functional issue.

Mouth breathing is another common sign of obstruction because it’s very difficult to breathe through blocked or narrow nasal passages. Mouth breathing is especially common during sleep, and it can cause loud, habitual snoring. Dry mouth, which results from mouth breathing, is also common with people who have nasal obstruction.

Other symptoms include nosebleeds, sinus infections, and sinus pressure headaches. Depending on how severe the obstruction is, it can lead to some serious health concerns like insomnia, hypertension, and heart disease. Rhinoplasty or other surgeries can correct the problem and put an end to these uncomfortable symptoms.

Causes of Nasal Obstruction

A deviated nasal septum is the most common cause of airway obstruction. This occurs when the bone and cartilage that separate the right and left nostrils are crooked. A deviated septum can cause serious breathing difficulties, but many people with this problem don’t realize they have it until a doctor notices it.

When you’ve always had a deviated septum, you may not realize what it feels like to breathe normally. After having it corrected with surgery, you’ll realize how much you were struggling to breathe before.

Swollen turbinates are another cause of obstruction that can be fixed with rhinoplasty. Your turbinates extend from the septum and humidify the air as you inhale. They can swell up as a result of allergies or a deviated septum and block your nasal passages.

Nasal polyps can also obstruct your nose and make it difficult to breathe. Polyps are soft, benign growths that can develop along your nasal passageways. If they grow large enough, they will affect your breathing and will need to be surgically removed.

How Rhinoplasty Fixes Nasal Obstruction

During a rhinoplasty procedure, your surgeon will make an incision in your nose and lift up the skin to look at the bone structure underneath. Then, they will remove, reshape, or reposition the bone, cartilage, and tissue to remove the obstruction and open up your nasal passageways. Depending on where your septum is deviated, your surgeon may focus on the bones near the top of your nose or the cartilage in the lower portion of your nose.

To fix swollen turbinates, your surgeon may remove the outer layer of tissue on each turbinate. This will create extra space in your airway and help you breathe. Some surgeons fracture the turbinates, which allows them to position the structures in a way that doesn’t block the nasal passages.

If you have nasal polyps, your surgeon will use a snare surgical instrument or similar tool to remove them. This doesn’t require the removal or repositioning of any bone or cartilage, so you don’t necessarily need rhinoplasty to fix this issue. However, many people combine their nasal polyp removal with a rhinoplasty to fix other functional or cosmetic issues at the same time.

If your breathing problems are caused by other structural issues in your nose then you really don’t have to fret over this, just make it a healthy priority as it should be, your surgeon can reshape your nose to correct these issues. Rhinoplasty can make the nose larger or smaller and the nostrils wider or narrower. It can also fix bumps, dips, or other problems that may affect your breathing. In most cases, if your breathing problems are caused by the structure of your nose, rhinoplasty can be a good solution.

Dr. Daniel G. Becker, MD specializes in rhinoplasty and revision rhinoplasty. He is certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology and the American Board of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and he is a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Philadelphia Magazine has named him one of the top doctors for rhinoplasty and revision rhinoplasty, and several other magazines have recognized him as well. In addition to performing surgeries at his own practice, the Becker Rhinoplasty Center, Dr. Becker is a Clinical Professor of Facial Plastic Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania.

Do you have any questions? Reach out to us via the Contact Page.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – Symptoms of Nasal Obstruction

Chapter 2 – How Rhinoplasty Fixes Nasal Obstruction


15 simple and effective ways to get rid of lice to Get Fast Results

15 simple and effective ways to get rid of lice to Get Fast Results

Updated: 28 July, 2019

Worried about your lice infested hair? Not anymore. I’m ready to share effective tips that’ll help you get rid of lice in this post. 15! You will enjoy this post as long as you take getting rid of lice as a health priority.

Lice are a bad news for your hair. Most people immediately avoid you once they hear you have lice in your hair, for fear of getting it too. Unlike other hair conditions, lice are considered very serious because of the general belief that it very difficult and stressful to totally remove it from one’s hair. Due to this, many resort to cutting off their hair completely.

15 Simple Snd Effective Ways To Get Rid Of Lice:

Once you discover lice in your hair, do not freak out. Killing the more visible adult lice may not end your problem, the tiny eggs (nits) that may be glued to your hair shaft can survive some treatments. Alternatively, a treatment may destroy the nits while having little or no effect on the adult lice. Therefore, it is best to calm down and put together effective treatment(s) that will kill off both nits and adult lice.

  1.   Get a hair sweep with louse buster: In a study carried out in 2006, this mini-machine was found to destroy 90% nits and 80% live lice. Louse buster is like a vacuum cleaner but with an extra feature of a brush nozzle. This nozzle should be focused on your hair as the heat coming from it dries out the lice and nits attached to your hair and scalp. Make sure to get a certified operator for this treatment. You only need to spend 30 minutes tops for this procedure.
  2.   Nit picking: Though picking out all the nits in your hair may require lots of efforts from lots of people, it is one of the safest and most effective ways to get rid of head lice. Due to the risk of side effects from the use of chemicals against lice, you may opt for a non-chemical treatment. Hire a reliable de-lousing service to help you with this.
  3.   Try the shrink-wrap procedure: Contrary to what springs to mind at the mention of this procedure, shrink-wrap does not involve wrapping your head with plastic. Apply a mild (non-toxic) cleanser to your hair, comb it out thoroughly without hurting yourself then blow dry your hair. Do this once a week for 3 weeks. This procedure was approved in 2004 as the procedures were laid out in the journal Paediatrics. About 96% total success was reported after a 3 week trial and 94% of the participants remained live free after 6months.
  4.   Benzyl alcohol (5%) lotion treatment: You should know that this treatment though effective against lice, does not kill nits. It is a prescription lotion that shuts off the breathing channel of lice, causing its death. An average of 75% of participants of two trials who used this treatment were free of head lice after 14 days of second treatment. Use this lotion liberally on your dry hair (make sure it fills your hair) and rinse off after 10 minutes. Shampoo your hair, wash off and comb if out with a nit comb.
  5.   Use your hair dryer: Comparative study shows that using hot air on lice infested hair is more effective against nits than lice. The study revealed that a blow dryer with direct heat killed 98% of nits and only 55% of lice. Wash your hair before using your hair dryer to channel heat onto it. Using heat on wet hair increases the possibility of killing the nits. Never use hot air dryer on your hair after applying chemical to it.
  6.   Pyrethrum active agent: Made from chrysanthemum flowers, this substance is also sold over the counter. It eliminates lice by destroying its nervous system. Though generally effective, most lice have developed resistance to it. However, you will never know if the head lice you have is resistant to pyrethrum until you try it. Bear in mind that you may react to this, so watch out for side effects as you use it. Apply the product containing pyrethrum to your hair. Add water after 10mins. Rub your hair together to form lather, make sure pyrethrum and water get to your scalp and hair root. Rinse off and comb out dead lice. Repeat after one week to wash off any dead lice.
  7.   Permethrin(1%) lotion treatment: Permethrin which is the synthetic form of pyrethrum have the same effect on lice. Use permethrin on your hair after applying enough shampoo (do not use conditioner). Rinse off after 10mins and comb out the nits. Repeat this the following week to kill off any remaining lice.
  8.   Try Ivermectin based lotion: Made from soil bacteria, this lotion is very effective against lice and can be used on both adults and children above 6months. Ivermectin(0.5%) lotion was approved for use against lice in 2012. It renders lice paralysed causing the death of both the young and adult, with very few cases of side effects (skin and eye irritation). Put lotion all over your dry hair and wash off after 10minutes.
  9.   Malathion (0.5%) lotion: Commonly used as an effective insecticide, malathion destroys more live lice than nits. The CDC does not recommend this for children below 6years. Be very careful when using this product. Avoid using heat or hot air on hair containing this product. It is very flammable and may sting or cause second degree burns. Make sure your hair is dry before applying this lotion. Wash off in a sink after 8-12 hours then air dry your hair. You can repeat the process after a week to get rid of lice that might still be hanging in there.
  10.   Tea tree oil (1%) and nerolidol(2%) mixture: You may be familiar with the use of tea tree oil against hair lice but recent research has shown that products with tea tree oil(1%) and nerolidol(2%) are 100% effective against lice at any stage. You can also get these substances and carefully mix them in the stated ratio. Apply to your hair before bed, make sure to cover your pillow with a clean towel. Comb out your hair in the morning to remove all dead lice. You can repeat this procedure for 3 days.
  11.   Oil extract of neem seed: This treatment though effective against lice tackles nits specially by preventing the embryos from accessing oxygen, therefore suffocating them. Add neem seed extract to your regular shampoo and wash your hair with it (make sure you scrub your scalp thoroughly). Rinse off the shampoo and carefully comb hair out part by part.
  12.   Eucalyptus oil treatment: Known as a powerful fumigant, this oil kills live lice resistant to chemical. Mix eucalyptus oil with olive oil and apply to your hair and scalp. Cover your hair with a shower cap and leave overnight. Comb hair out in the morning to remove dead lice then rinse hair as usual.
  13.   Dimeticone lotion treatment: This silicone-based insecticide kills lice by blocking its breathing and excretory tubes. Apply lotion to hair and scalp, leave for 8hours. Wash off with shampoo and comb hair out. Repeat after one week to kill off remaining lice.
  14.   Wash your hair with 1% lindane based shampoo: Lindane though very effective method to get rid of lice, may be carcinogenic if used excessively. It is only recommended for people who have tried all treatments against lice without positive results. Nevertheless if you still want to use this neurotoxin, make sure that its concentration is not more than 1%. Never use on children.
  15.   Combined treatment: Total eradication of head lice should be considered as serious health priority which may require a combination of two or three treatments. Some lice may be resistant to a single treatment but when you combine more of them, you will achieve more success. As you try these treatments you will discover which one works best for you. Remember to also sterilize every object you use for your hair to avoid re-infestation.

If you have any questions, you can ask us via the contact page.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – 15 simple and effective ways to get rid of lice so you can have a healthy hair:


Charcoal toothpaste: Facts, Benefits and Adverse effects

Charcoal toothpaste: Facts, Benefits and Adverse effects

Updated: 29 July, 2019

Learn about the facts, adverse effects and benefits of charcoal toothpaste all in one single post. It is all about getting your dental priority health right.

Charcoal has become a household name for various beauty procedures. From its use as a detoxifying agent to use as skin care product, this substance is definitely a handy household item. Regular charcoal is gotten from peat, wood, coal, petroleum or coconut shell.  Before any charcoal is tagged safe for human use, it must be processed into activated charcoal. This is an improved form of regular charcoal made medically safe for various purposes.

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What is activated charcoal?

Activated charcoal is made by heating up regular charcoal to develop lots of inner cavities or pores. During this process, the charcoal is specially refined, dried, reheated and oxidized, turning it to a cleaner and healthier substance. This is done in the presence of certain gases that initiate and encourage pore formation on the charcoal. The primary function of these inner cavities or spaces is to trap chemicals and other substances. Therefore when activated charcoal is used, the pore traps unhealthy or unwanted chemicals while it carries out its abrasive function.

Teeth colour

The teeth are an integral part of every human being. It affects the appearance of a person. It is no surprise that most people are very conscious of their teeth. Teeth colour is a very important feature of one’s teeth. Bacteria and other substances stick to the teeth when we eat. During daily teeth brushing with regular toothpaste, most of these substances are removed. However, some of them are tough and stubborn. They stick to the teeth and persist even after some days. These foreign substances accumulate on the teeth, changing the colour of the teeth with time. According to doctor Mark Wolff, a professor at New York University College of Dentistry, our teeth can become discoloured because of a wide variety of factors such as poor dental hygiene, the foods we eat or simple passing of years.

Teeth colour varies from one individual to the other. Naturally some people have pure white teeth, others milk-coloured teeth while some brown teeth. Professional teeth whitening by dentists give the best results. You may need to repeat the procedure after some months to keep the teeth as white as you desire. Though effective, professional teeth whitening is not embraced by the general public. This may be attributed to inadequate information and misconceptions about the procedure. While most think it is expensive, others just don’t understand the process.

Facts about charcoal toothpaste you should Know

Various toothpastes are promoted globally as tooth whitening substances but very few really live up to their hype. Dr. Wolff recommends whitening toothpaste that contains activated charcoal instead of homemade activated charcoal prepared without the supervision of safety personnel. The irony is that charcoal toothpaste whitens your teeth by first darkening it. Most people do not understand this concept but the absorbing power of charcoal despite its colour, has been scientifically proven. It traps germs and substances that accumulate on the teeth and cause discoloration.

You need not worry about the effect of the charcoal colour on the teeth as the colour does not persist but can be easily washed off. However, Dr Wolff concluded that safety should be greatly considered while choosing charcoal toothpaste as charcoal may interact with substances in the mouth. Trey Wilson, a dentist from New York states that if whitening your teeth is your priority you can use charcoal toothpaste. He added that there are studies being made regarding the effectiveness of charcoal for teeth whitening and the results have been positive. Activated charcoal doesn’t necessarily have to be used with regular tooth paste to achieve a whiter teeth but the combination of the two gives a better and healthier teeth.

4 Important Benefits of Charcoal Toothpaste

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Regular toothpaste is commonly used by individuals daily to wash the teeth. People choose charcoal toothpaste mainly to whiten their teeth. A whiter teeth is of great advantage to its carrier. The benefit of charcoal toothpaste is basically a brighter smile as a result of whitened teeth. A brighter smile offers lots of benefits. Some of them are listed below:

1.   Improved self-esteem

One of the benefits of charcoal toothpaste its impact on your self-esteem. Your appearance has a huge impact on your self-esteem. Consciously or not, you rate yourself based on how you think you look. In the same vein, you let others rate you based on how you think they see you. If you are sure that your teeth is white (or whiter than it used to be), your confidence level will go up. You are sure that as you show your teeth when you smile, you look good. Knowing that alone, automatically shoots up your self-esteem, making you more confident.

2.   Better social interaction

Imagine when you want to smile then remember that your teeth are not as white as generally accepted. You are bound to smile less, to hide your teeth as much as possible. Social interaction is easier when you smile. People generally want to relate more with an individual who smiles. It cannot be overemphasized that a brighter smile showing whiter teeth will dazzle lots of people. This is surely one of the benefits of charcoal toothpaste.

3.   Healthy appearance

Teeth discoloration is often seen as an evidence of a compromised health. Most people mentally stigmatize individuals with discolored teeth, consciously or subconsciously. Whitened teeth create an impression of good health.

The teeth whitening power of charcoal toothpaste also help eliminate the effects of smoking and certain diets on the teeth. It is affordable yet effective, soothing and all natural. You don’t have to fear the effects of synthetic chemicals. It also kills germs, giving immediate and lasting teeth whitening effects.

Adverse Effects of Charcoal Toothpaste

Though there are many benefits of charcoal toothpaste, dentists warn against the use of charcoal toothpaste as a teeth whitening substance. In recent times they have strongly pushed against the teeth whitening effect of charcoal toothpaste, insisting that professional whitening is the only way to get genuine whiter teeth. Most of them do agree that charcoal toothpaste can remove surface stain. However, most people who use charcoal toothpaste insist that it is an effective teeth whitener and germ destroyer.

Doctors warn that regardless of the benefits of activated charcoal, it is still an abrasive that if used frequently will harm the enamel of the teeth. It may also be harmful to the gum tissue as the gum may be sensitive to charcoal abrasion. Dentists advice the use of standard company manufactured charcoal toothpaste of great quality and safety. The American Dental Association has not evaluated or approved any charcoal toothpaste in recent times.

Individuals are advised to monitor their mouth when using charcoal toothpaste so as to quickly spot any reaction if it occurs. Dr Susan Maples, a Michigan-based dentist states that there is not enough evidence to be sure of the safety of brand charcoal toothpastes and that it may be dangerous. ‘Teeth are the only part of the ectoderm that do not replenish itself- once it is gone, it is gone’, she concludes. She strongly advises individuals who want to whiten their teeth to go for formally tested dental teeth whitening procedures.

We have more helpful priority health articles on the blog. Check them out.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – What is activated charcoal?

Chapter 2 – Teeth colour

Chapter 3 – Facts about charcoal toothpaste you should Know

Chapter 4 – 4 Important Benefits of Charcoal Toothpaste

Chapter 5 – Adverse Effects of Charcoal Toothpaste


Important Questions You Should Ask Before Starting a New Medication

Important Questions You Should Ask Before Starting a New Medication

Updated: 29 July, 2019

Beginning a new medication can be a daunting decision. Sometimes the choice is obvious, or not really a choice at all. For example, if you got the flu this winter, you were likely given Tamiflu by a doctor without much discussion. But other times, especially with longer-term medications, there’s a lot to consider.

Even though most medications will affect people in similar ways, people’s bodies can still have different reactions based on a number of factors. Plus, even if you don’t have an abnormal reaction, some medications may have “expected” side effects that you don’t want to risk. So before you pop open your pill bottle, take some time to talk with your doctor about your options because it is one health priority you shouldn’t joke with. Not sure what to ask? We’ve got you covered.

Cover the Basics

The first question seems obvious: WHY am I taking this? But it’s more than “because it will solve X problem.” Your doctor should also be able to explain just how the drug will help, and why it’s important for your overall health. Along with this comes another “why” question. Why this drug in particular? Your doctor should have a clear reason for choosing one medication over another, whether it’s the standard of care, works the best for most patients they’ve had, or has the least side effects.

Once you understand your doctor’s choice, it’s important to make sure you know how to take the medicine properly. Is it a pill, or an injection? How many times a day should it be taken, and at what dose? What should you do if you miss a dose? Does the medicine need to be refrigerated, or stored in a particular way? All these questions ensure that your medicine is as effective as possible, and that you are taking it in a safe way. The missed dose question is especially important, because missing even one or two pills, as in the case of birth control, can impact the drug’s effectiveness or may put your health at a serious risk and require immediate attention.

Talk Through Your Particulars

You’re a unique individual, which means you don’t go to the doctor as a “clean slate.” You might have other conditions, medications, allergies, and needs that your doctor should address before choosing a medication. A big example of this is women who are pregnant. Although many drugs are safe during pregnancy, drugs that can cross the placenta and/or impact fetal development should always be avoided.

During your visit, you should discuss your other medications. Some drugs are contraindicated for use with others, because of adverse reactions, reduced effectiveness or other factors. Similarly, some drugs may require you to avoid certain foods or activities. For example, people on warfarin need to be careful with how much vitamin K they ingest, because it can lessen the effects of the medicine.

Another thing that is particular to each individual is their financial status. The question that goes with this is “Is there a generic version?” Most medications have a generic version, a non-branded drug that has the same active ingredient as the branded option. The difference is that branded drugs can cost up to 600% more than their generic counterparts, and some insurance may not cover branded medications, or may only partially cover them. Check with your physician before you get a shock at the pharmacy counter.

Ask the Uncommon Questions

One of the top health priority standard is asking the uncommon questions. You might have an “off the wall” question and not be sure if you should ask it. The answer is always yes. This is your health and your body! And, if your doctor doesn’t know the answer, they should work with you to find out to ensure you’re completely comfortable before beginning your medication course.

One example is asking about a drug’s legal status. This might be discussing whether the medication is still considered “experimental.” If so, your insurance may not cover it, or may only cover the costs partially. Or, the drug may be approved, but is being given to you for “off-label” reasons- this isn’t a bad thing. In fact, many doctors have found medications to be useful for off-label conditions.

Even after approval, the drug could have legal problems that you might want to know about. For example, Invokana is a widely distributed drug for diabetics. However, there are thousands of Invokana lawsuits in court because the drug has been found to increase the risk of amputation in their patients. That kind of risk is certainly something you’d want to know about before Googling your brand new med.

When it’s time to try a new medication, the most important thing is that you are confident and comfortable with the choice. Don’t be afraid to ask questions during that initial visit, later (when you remember that one thing you REALLY wanted to ask), or while taking the med, especially if you begin experiencing adverse effects. Open communication with your physician is key to maintaining your health, so get out there and get informed!

You can find more health articles right here on Vital Health Recipes.

Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – Cover the Basics

Chapter 2 – Talk Through Your Particulars

Chapter 3 – Ask the Uncommon Questions


Colace: Uses, Dosage and Side Effects

Colace: Uses, Dosage and Side Effects

Updated: 31 July, 2019

Colace belongs to the group of drugs known as laxatives (stool softeners), a health priority. It is used for the treatment of common constipation or constipation related to certain medical conditions. It softens stool and makes it pass through the system with ease. Colace is sold as a prescription drug and over-the-counter drug in capsule, tablets, drops, rectal enema or syrup forms. The generic (Docusate) and the brand-name (Colace) types are available. Colace is presented in all strengths unlike the generic type.

Colace Uses

Colace is used to treat constipation by softening the stool and making it easier to be excreted out of the body, without pain or stress. Constipation makes it very uncomfortable (even painful) for stool to be excreted.  Docusate sodium is the active ingredient of this drug. It helps water and fats inside the body mix with the stool. This makes the stool soft and helps you help you excrete with ease. Colace is often prescribed by doctors as the first step in managing and preventing constipation. This drug is very effective in patients who really need to excrete with ease due to heart attack or surgery. As a non-stimulant laxative, Colace works better as a preventive measure against constipation than a cure to already severe constipation. Your doctor may also prescribe this drug to prevent constipation if you have Irritable bowl syndrome (IBS), Crohn’s disease or for some cases of multiple sclerosis.

Take Colace by mouth, with a full glass of water, exactly as directed by your doctor. Swallow capsule whole, do not break, chew, crush or open the capsule. Take it with or without food. While on this medication, take lots of water. Bowel movement will resume with ease after 12-72 hours of taking this drug.

If you are using docusate (colace) enema, do not take by mouth. You are to insert it into your rectum. Make sure to wash your hands before and after insertion. Make sure you empty your bladder and bowel (as best as you can) before inserting this drug. Take out the cap covering the tip of the enema. Lie on your left side and bend your knees. Carefully put the tip of the enema applicator into your rectum. Squeeze applicator and make sure the whole content is emptied into your rectum. To get the best out of this drug, hold in the enema until your bowel movement starts again with ease (or as long as you are able to). This usually takes about 2-15 minutes. Discard the enema container immediately after use, even if some of it is still left inside. You are to use one enema applicator just once.

Colace Dosage

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Use Colace exactly as directed by your doctor. If you are taking the liquid form of the drug, measure out the dosage specified for you with a special measuring device (cup or spoon). Do not use your household spoon or cup as they have different dimensions and will alter your dosage. To take liquid Colace, mix with about 6-8 ounces of fruit juice, milk or infant formula and drink immediately.

The usual daily dose for adults taking the oral tablet or capsule is 50-400 mg divided into 1-4 parts. This should be taken for a week. Children under 12 years and young adults are to take 1-6 portions of 50 mg daily. Give children between 2-12 years should take 1-3 parts of 50 g daily. Colace is not recommended for children under 2 years unless advised by their paediatrician to do so. Adults above 18 years should use 200-283 mg of rectal enema, once or twice every day. Younger adults and children under 3 years should use 50-100 mg of Colace sodium liquid mixed with retention or flushing enema, once in a day. Normal bowel movement should resume gradually within 3 days. Do not use this medication for more than one week. If there is no improvement after 3 days, tell your doctor. Extensive use of this drug can cause very serious medical problems.

There is no regular dosing schedule for Colace medication, therefore missing a dose will not have much effect on your recovery. You are to only use the drug when needed. If you forget to take any dose, take as soon as you remember. Do not use a double dose once. Overdosing this drug may cause stomach pain, nausea and vomiting. Contact your doctor or the emergency room in any incidence of overdose.

Colace Side Effects

Some people have or develop allergy to Colace medication. If you notice the following symptoms while using this drug, you may be allergic to colace; swollen face, throat, lip or tongue, laboured breaths and hives.

You may experience common side effects of this drug as your body tries to adapt to it. These side effects include; profuse sweating, irritation of the rectum, bloated stomach due to excess gas, dizziness, fatigue and diarrhoea. Common side effects usually subside after few doses. In rare cases the symptoms may progress to severe symptoms. Contact your doctor immediately, if you develop these severe symptoms;

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Cheat pain
  • Severe dizziness
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Rectal numbness
  • Rash on the rectum
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Severe diarrhoea
  • Lack of bowel movement (continuous constipation)

Colace Precautions

Do not use Colace if you have a blockage in your intestine or any severe stomach pain that has not been properly diagnosed by a doctor. Do not take mineral oil when using this drug. Asking your doctor about the safety of this drug if you are currently on a low salt diet or have any recent changes in your stooling habit lasting up to 2 weeks is cruicial health priority. The FDA rates this drug as category C for pregnant women. Do not use if you are pregnant or breastfeeding, unless advised to do so by your doctor. Do not use for children under 6 years unless strongly advised to do so by your doctor. Do not share this drug with another person.

Store in a dry cool place, away from pets and children, away from extreme temperatures. Dispose unused drug through the drug take-back program in your locality or consult your pharmacist for proper ways of disposal.

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Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – Colace Uses

Chapter 2 – Colace Dosage

Chapter 3 – Colace Side Effects

Chapter 4 – Colace Precautions


Walking Pneumonia: Meaning, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Walking Pneumonia: Meaning, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Updated: 31 July, 2019

What is Walking Pneumonia?

Do you consider it a healthy priority you should learn more about? Walking pneumonia also known as atypical pneumonia is a bacterial infection which affects both the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Mycoplasma pneumoniae, a very small bacteria is responsible for most cases of this infection. The bacteria is often found in the nose, throat, trachea and lungs where it lives, grows and multiplies. Mycoplasma has the ability to change size and shape in any environment because its cell wall is not rigid. This type of pneumonia is termed ‘atypical’ after the causative micro organism as scientists discovered that it is resistant to penicillin and other antimicrobial agents. This trait of Mycoplasma is also attributed to its lack of a rigid cell wall.

What are the types of walking pneumonia known to exist today?

Children are usually the first ones to contact this disease. As they play with other children in school, the infection circulates. There are three types of pneumonia known to be in existence.

Mycoplasma pneumonia: This is caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and is not as serious as other types of walking pneumonia. People suffering from this infection are usually able to carry on with their daily activities without being hospitalized. The symptoms are like that of cold or flu. In rare cases, serious complication may arise from this infection and will require medical attention.

Chlamydophilia pneumonia: This is caused by the bacteria Chlamydophilia (Chlamydia) pneumoniae. It affects more school-age children than any other age group. Though gotten from personal contact, symptoms do not appear immediately unlike other common respiratory tract infections.

Legionella pneumonia: This is also known as Legionnaires’ disease. It is an infection of the respiratory tract caused by Legionella pneumophila. It is the most severe of all three types of walking pneumonia. In some cases, respiratory failure and death may arise due to this infection. Thankfully, unlike the other two types, Legionnaires’ disease is not spread through personal contact with infected persons.

Though anyone can develop walking pneumonia, the following people are more at risk of getting infected; people who smoke, adults over 65 of age, children under 2 years, people with severe respiratory problems, those with weak immune system and people living or working in any location with walking pneumonia outbreak (schools, hospitals, nursing homes, etc.).


The symptoms of walking pneumonia are not immediately felt by infected individuals. They emerge slowly between 1-4 weeks of exposure to the bacteria. However, once symptoms manifest, it gets very serious in less than one week.

Symptoms include:

  • Breathing problem with chest pain
  • Muscle and joint pains
  • Sore, itchy or dry throat
  • Fatigue (severe weakness)
  • Persistent headache
  • Continuous cough that does not subside
  • Flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, cold sweat)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

These symptoms may vary based on the type of walking pneumonia (causative bacteria). An individual with compromised immune system suffering from walking pneumonia may be exposed to other infections like ear and skin infection.

Watch this video to learn more on symptoms of Walking pneumonia.


When a person infected with Mycoplasma pneumonia coughs or sneezes, airborne droplets containing the causative bacteria are released into the environment. This bacteria is inhaled by individuals in such environment. The upper and lower respiratory tract of susceptible persons are attacked by the bacteria and they are infected. The infection is easily spread in enclosed and crowded environments like schools and dormitories. Young adults and children are more prone to this infection than older adults. About 2 million cases are reported yearly in the United States.

Chlamydophilia pneumonia can be gotten from personal contact, when an infected individual coughs or sneezes. Though anybody is at risk of getting infected, school children are at higher risk of infection.

Legionnaires’ disease is spread through a different channel (not by personal contact). Legionella bacteria is found in hot tubs, fountains, hot water tanks or cooling towers. People develop this disease when they inhale water vapour or mist containing this bacteria. Individuals with strong immune system are less likely to develop Legionnaires’ disease even if they inhale vapour containing the bacteria. Travelers who board cruise ships or lodge in hotels are at a higher risk of getting infected. 8,000-18,000 patients are hospitalized in the United States each year due to Legionnaires’ disease.

Treatments for Walking Pneumonia

To know if you have walking pneumonia, visit your doctor for proper diagnosis. You may have to undergo some chest x-rays to be certain. Urine and specimens from your respiratory tract will be tested if your doctor suspects Legionnaires’ disease.

Mycoplasma pneumonia often clears up on its own in few weeks. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if your symptoms are severe. Antibiotics will hasten your recovery. The following antibiotics are strongly recommended for the management and quick treatment of all three types of walking pneumonia;

  • Macrolide antibiotics are used to treat both children and adults. They include Zithromax and Clarithromycin. Some Mycoplasma strains have adapted to this antibiotics therefore they are no effective against them anymore.
  • Fluoroquinolones, which include Ciprofloxacin and Levofloxacin. They are not recommended for children.
  • Tetracycline can also be used by both children and adults. Examples include Doxycycline and Tetracycline.

People suffering from Legionnaires’ disease may need to be hospitalized. They will be treated with antibiotics in the hospital. Recovery may take few days though full recovery will normally take between 2-4 months.

A patient could contact walking pneumonia even after treatment. There are no vaccines to prevent this disease. However, common lifestyle adjustments can be made to prevent its spread.

  • Cover your nose and mouth with tissue or handkerchief when you cough or sneeze. If these items are not available, sneeze or cough inside your elbow or sleeves. Try not to sneeze inside your hands as you are bound to touch things with them, increasing your chances at getting infected or worse still pass on the infection to other people. Throw used tissues into a waste basket after use.
  • Washing your hands more often with warm water and soap is a health priority, especially if you are around infected people. If soap and warm water are out of reach, use alcohol-based hand sanitizer.

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Table Of Contents

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Chapter 1 – What is Walking Pneumonia?

Chapter 2 – Symptoms of Walking Pneumonia

Chapter 3 – Causes of Walking Pneumonia

Chapter 4 – Treatments for Walking Pneumonia


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