What Happens at Four Months of Pregnancy

What Happens at Four Months of Pregnancy

Updated: 3 August, 2019

Are you a pregnant woman curious about what happens when you are four months pregnant?

Then you have found the right resource that will educate you on what happens at four months pregnant. In this article, I talk about the basic symptoms, changes, and situations every healthy pregnant woman experiences in the fourth month of their pregnancy

Women undergo several changes at every stage of pregnancy. Many of the changes and symptoms they encounter are peculiar to every healthy pregnancy. Pregnancy can be both confusing and mysterious. That is why first-timers are always eager to find out what happens to them at every stage of their pregnancy.

They don’t want to be left in the dark about their body and the state of their baby. They don’t want surprises. They want to be mentally and physically prepared for the changes that accompany every stage of their pregnancy. On the other hand, the whole process has become a routine for women who have given birth to one or more babies. They know what to expect at every stage and how to deal the emerging situations. 

Month Four of Your Pregnancy 

The fourth month of your pregnancy starts on week 13 and ends on week 16. This is one of the crucial months in every pregnancy. The 13th week in the fourth month of your pregnancy marks the beginning of the second trimester , considered by many as the fun part. This is the period when your baby experiences rapid growth in its formation. At this stage, your energy should get renewed while your breasts will remain bigger but less tender. There is nothing to panic about. It is an exciting month if you do the right things at the right time.

One of the exciting things that happen when you are four months pregnant is that your baby bump begins to show and becomes noticeable. This automatically makes you the center of attention anywhere you find yourself. People will begin to ask you if you are pregnant just to confirm their guesses about your protruded tummy. The foetus announces itself to the world in this month.

In general, your baby this month does several things such as stretching, swallowing, thumb-sucking and snoozing. Your baby is busy trying to put its new abilities to use. By the end of this month, your baby will measure about six to eight inches in terms of length and weigh about six ounces.

What Happens to Your Baby in the Fourth Month of Your Pregnancy:

Week 13

In the first week of the fourth month of your pregnancy, your baby is expected to weigh around 25g.

Secondly, the testes or ovaries, depending on the gender of your baby become fully developed inside their body while the genitals get formed outside. A penis or clitoris will begin to grow at the region where there was swelling between the legs.

Note: You won’t be able to know the gender of your baby if you go for an ultrasound scan at this stage.

Week 14

In the second week of the fourth month, week 14, your baby is about 85mm long from head to bottom.

At this stage, your baby starts to swallow little bits of amniotic fluid which go into the tummy. Interestingly, the kidneys begin work and the swallowed fluid goes back into the amniotic fluid in the form of urine. 

Week 15

In the third week of the fourth month, your baby begins to hear things. Your baby could hear muted sounds from the outside world as well as any form of sound or noise arising from your digestive system, as well as the sound of your heart and voice. At this stage, when you talk, your baby hears. You can communicate with it. Amazing, right?

In addition, the eyes of your baby become sensitive to light. Even though the eyes of your baby are close, they are capable of recording a bright light outside of your tummy. 

Week 16

This is the last week of the fourth month. Your baby is about the size of an avocado and around 11.5cm long at this stage. The joints and limbs get fully formed, so don’t be surprised when you hear movements within your tummy.  The muscles of the baby’s face become active and responsive. Facial expressions also begin to appear. Please note that your baby cannot control these expressions yet.

At this stage too, your baby’s hands can reach each other. They can form a fist as well as hold each other when they touch. It is very likely that your baby would play with their umbilical cord as they get better at gripping.  How cute is that?

Your body’s changes at four months pregnant

If you have been battling with morning sickness in the previous months, things will begin to change for the better when you enter into your 13th week of pregnancy. In this month, your uterus gets wider, about the size of the head of cabbage.  There is a possibility to for an increased drive for sex because of increased blood flow to your pelvic area. What if you don’t experience an increased libido? There is nothing wrong with you. You are fine.

Notably, there is a high chance that you’d experience an increased drive for food during this month. Researchers have said that about 60 percent of your total pregnancy weight will be gained in this trimester.

Your feet may start swelling and become too big for the new pairs of nice shoes you recently bought. Worse, they may never return to their original size. That’s one of the sacrifices every pregnant woman pays.

You’ll see that a very small bump developing as your womb grows and moves upward. If you feel an increased urge to urinate more often than in the previous months, it is due to the fact that your womb was pressing down your bladder. You should experience a relief now. Endeavor to see your doctor if you experience any pain when you urinate. It is a normal thing to have urinary infections during pregnancy but they have to be treated quickly to reduce the risk of kidney infections. 

What You Should Eat When You are Four Months Pregnant

This very fourth month is when you should pay serious attention to your diet. Diet is an essential part of human lives. Your diet says a lot about you. There are certain foods every pregnant woman should include in their feeding timetable as well as others they need to completely stay away from during this month. It is important that you maintain a balanced diet right from this month till you give birth to your baby. A healthy feeding culture is of immense benefits to you and your baby. It would help provide the required nourishment to your baby to facilitate its growth.

What kind of food should you eat during your fourth month of pregnancy? You need foods rich in iron. Common sources of iron are chicken, meat, green leafy vegetables and legumes. It is important that you put sweets away from your diet during this period. Sweets can easily be replaced with more nutritious foods like fruit yogurt, dried fruits and unsalted nuts.

It is good that you are watching your weight but this is not the best time to skip meals. You need to eat at regular intervals, say every four hours to prevent severe heartburn, nausea and fatigue. It is highly recommended that you eat 5-6 light but healthy meals daily. Curious about how much weight you’ll gain? You’d have gained between 1.5 to 2 kilograms at the end of the fourth month. If you follow a consistent healthy feeding plan, there is nothing to be worried about as you won’t gain unhealthy weight.

What happens at four months pregnant are crucial to the safety of your baby and yourself. Thus, it is important that you pay attention to your body and your baby, and the way they react to these situations.

There it is, guys. We hope you found this post useful.

8 Ways to Cope with Insomnia during Pregnancy

8 Ways to Cope with Insomnia during Pregnancy

Updated: 3 August, 2019

Hi there. Welcome to Vital Health Recipes, we hope you find this post helpful.

Imagine having to deal with insomnia despite all the stress you have gone through the day during your pregnancy. Just when you feel the need to catch a good sleep before the baby wakes up; you are faced with the stark reality of insomnia. How can you overcome this frustrating experience? Consider these useful tips:

8 Ways to Cope with Insomnia during Pregnancy 

1.  Don’t drink too much caffeine

If you are preparing to go to bed, resist the temptation to consume caffeine. Since caffeine is present in most beverages like tea, chocolate, and coffee, stay away from them a few hours before bedtime. Caffeine will keep you awake. 

2.   Reduce your water intake before bed

Sometimes, frequent urination at night may be responsible for your insomnia. To overcome that problem, limit your water intake to a few hours before going to bed. Stop drinking at least an hour before bedtime. 

3.   Drink plenty of water

While drinking water before bedtime can cause insomnia, drinking plenty of water during the day will prevent this sleeping problem. If you consume a large quantity of water, your body will be fully hydrated which may prevent leg cramps, another cause of insomnia. 

4.   Exercise is useful

Aside helping you to stay fit by shedding excess weight, about 30 minutes of exercise everyday can also be instrumental to getting good sleep at night. Exercise releases endorphins to improve your mood, while the sun, a good source of vitamin D will have the same effect on you. The combination of exercise and exposure to sun will reduce your vulnerability to anxiety and depression. When these two are out of the way, your pregnancy insomnia will become history. 

5.   Warm bath can help

Due to the rigor of the day, your body may desire a refreshing night rest. In order to wind down, go for a warm bath. This will make you feel refreshed and relaxed. In addition, having warm bath will remove the cause of your insomnia such as aches and pains. 

6.   Engage yourself in other activities

If insomnia pays you a visit, leave your bedroom and go to another room in the house where you can engage yourself in something else. You can read a book or find a way to keep yourself busy until you feel sleepy again. You can then return to your bedroom and try to sleep again. This is a proven antidote against insomnia. 

7.   Turn off all electronic devices in your home

If there is something that screens and electronic devices are good at, it is promoting sleeplessness. To enjoy good sleep, turn off your electronic devices about an hour before going to bed. To prevent unnecessary interruption, you can set your mobile devices into silent mode if you don’t want to turn them off completely. This will put you in good frame of mind that is conducive to restful sleep. 

8.   Get regular massage

Sometimes, your insomnia may be a product of anxiety or stress. Perhaps you can’t identify the culprit that deprives you of the much-needed sleep. If that’s your experience, a good massage is what you need. If you get a regular massage, it will help you relax your muscles and diffuse any tension that may cause your sleeplessness.


While insomnia will always like to rear its ugly head, you can overcome the problem by implementing these tested and proven techniques. Thus, you will get the restful sleep that will benefit you and your baby. Also important to note that this could also come with abdominal pain.

Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – 8 Ways to Cope with Insomnia during Pregnancy

Chapter 2 – Conclusion


Pregnancy Due Date Calculator

Pregnancy Due Date Calculator

Updated: 3 August, 2019

What’s about the pregnancy due date calculator? If you are a pregnant woman, you are probably interested in when you are due for delivery. You are not alone as millions of first time pregnant women across the globe also want to have a clue about when their babies are due.

You may have been making marks on your calendar or counting the days on your fingers and toes, they are commendable but inefficient efforts. The easiest and best way to have a good idea of your due date is to use a pregnancy due date calculator. 

What is a due date calculator? 

This calculator is designed for bailing out pregnant women from their anxiety about when their baby is due. It will calculate and predict the due date so that such pregnant women will be adequately prepared for the arrival of their bundle of joy. Having said that, how does this calculator calculate the due date? 

How is due date calculated? 

The calculator uses a simple principle to make an estimated calculation of your due date. It does this by adding 280 days to the beginning of your last menstrual period, assuming that your menstrual cycle is 28 days.

In this case, your ovulation and menstrual period are considered as the first 14 days of your pregnancy. This will put your baby at 38 weeks old if you deliver within the estimated due date.

You should also note that some women have menstrual cycles that are below 28 days. This will impact the reading of the calculator, since it usually takes a menstrual cycle as 28 days.

Perhaps you want to have an idea of the length of your menstrual cycle. Not a bad idea. You can work out the length by counting from the first day of your last menstruation to the first day of the next one. This is 28 days on the average. So, add 280 days to your last menstruation and you have an estimated date of your delivery date. The pregnancy is estimated to last for between 37 and 42 weeks.

As it is repeatedly said, this is just an estimated date. Each pregnancy has its own peculiarity which makes generalization of delivery date unrealistic. Only 5% of delivery takes place within the estimated period while most deliveries take place a week or two either side of the estimated date. If you are concerned about your due date, consult your physician. They will carry out due date test to give you the estimated due date and some important information such as:

  • Conception date.
  • Due dates for multiples.
  • Prenatal testing dates.
  • Baby status which includes size, heartbeat etc.
  • Trimester stages.
  • Celebrities who share the birth date.
  • The due day in history. 

This information will guide you while making preparations for delivery and subsequent care of the baby.


Having pre-knowledge of your due date can be of help in putting your anxiety behind you and concentrate on the arrival of the baby. As such, you can concentrate on the more important things, your health and that of the unborn baby. Do whatever is necessary to make the due date a memorable one for you and your baby.

Enjoyed reading this post? Share your thoughts with Us!

Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – What is a due date calculator?

Chapter 2 – How is due date calculated?

Chapter 3 – Conclusion


9 Negative Effects of Drug Abuse on the Newborn

9 Negative Effects of Drug Abuse on the Newborn

Updated: 5 August, 2019

Drug abuse during the early development of a newborn is prevalent even into adulthood. Drug abuse during the early stage of the baby’s development can affect the development of vital organs, limbs and central nervous system of the baby. Drugs passed on through breast milk can still affect your baby. Illegal drugs can have a detrimental effect on your newborn baby.

The use of illegal drugs after giving birth can adversely affect your newborn in several ways. After giving birth, continuous use of these drugs can make parenting difficult for you and you may be unable to attend to your newborn properly.

There are many drugs that can be taken in different ways, so the effect varies. Drug abuse is not healthy for you and your newborn.

Find below effects of drug abuse on your newborn:

9 Negative Effects of Drug Abuse on the Newborn

1.   Blood Flow: 

Frequent drug abuse can reduce blood vessels and limiting the proper flow of oxygen-rich blood in your newborn. This can result into stunt growth and head circumference. 

2.   Behavioral Issue: 

Whether you start abusing drugs from pregnancy or immediately after giving birth, Children who are exposed to drugs in the uterus or through breastfeeding often have learning difficulties and behavioral problem. 

3.   Heart Abnormalities: 

Drug abuse during and after pregnancy can cause fetal risk to the heart of the newborn. Drugs act as stressors and when passed to your newborn can alter the proper functioning of the child’s heart. 

4.   Sleep and Feeding Problems: 

Newborn babies born under the influence of drugs mostly have sleep disturbance and feeding problem. Drug abuse distorts the normal function of the newborns nervous system. Drugs such as amphetamine are thought to concentrate in the breast, and when your newborn sucks it from the breast, it causes irritability and disturbed sleep pattern. It is advised not to breast feed your new born after using amphetamines. It is important to discard breast milk after use of amphetamines. 

5.   Longer hospital stay: 

Drug abuse during pregnancy can adversely affect your newborn’s health, and your baby might need to stay longer in the hospital than expected until the baby is healthy enough to be discharged. Newborns exposed to drugs may require extra supportive care and treatment to ascertain that they are healthy enough. 

6.   Low Birth Weight: 

Newborns exposed to drugs during and after pregnancy may have low birth weight and would need extra medical care to sustain the child.

7.   Child Safety: 

It is unwise to be under the influence of drugs when caring for your newborn as your baby could be accidently injured. It is unsafe to sleep with your newborn under the influence of drugs. Drug abuse affects the safety of your newborn. Always follow the safe sleeping guidelines. Mothers with drug problems can totally forget to take good care of their newborn baby. There might not be anyone else to take care of the kids feeding, bathing, and caring.

8.   Crack Baby: 

Babies exposed to drugs in the fetus usually become crack babies (Prenatal Cocaine Exposure). Newborns exposed to cracks during pregnancy have been reported to have severe emotional, mental and physical disability. PCE have been associated with birth defects, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and other associated cases. When drugs influence kids, they tend to grow up and become addicted to drugs. 

9.   Psychological Damage: 

Most newborns influenced by drugs during and after pregnancy may become psychologically affected later in life. In most cases, this might affect their perception of life, IQ level, and emotional quotient


While most over the counter drugs are not safe for you during pregnancy, some drugs are still safe. If you are taking medications during pregnancy or after pregnancy, here are some concluding tips to help you stay safe.

  1. Do read the medication label before consuming OTC drugs.
  2. Natural dietary supplements might be considered safe due to their natural contents, but that is not always the case. Consult your doctor before consuming supplements.
  3. Aspirin and Ibuprofen should not be considered during the first 3 months of pregnancy unless given strict instruction by your doctor.

Read other related posts from Us on this blog

Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – 9 Negative Effects of Drug Abuse on the Newborn

Chapter 2 – Conclusion


5 Effective Ways to Treat Back Pain during Pregnancy

5 Effective Ways to Treat Back Pain during Pregnancy

Updated: 5 August, 2019

Experiencing back pain during pregnancy is a common problem among pregnant women throughout the world. This is attested to by a report by American Pregnancy Association which says that between 50 and 70% pregnant women experience back pain at different stages of pregnancy. As a pregnant woman, how can you enjoy your pregnancy without having to contend with this pain? This post talks about effective ways to treat back pain during pregnancy.

5 Effective Ways to Treat Back Pain During Pregnancy: 

1. Consider prenatal massage

If the back ache is caused by muscle clenching, you can contact a certified therapist to ease the pain. The best prenatal message method is Swedish massage. It is a pain reliever with soothing effect.  As a precautionary measure, consult your doctor to confirm whether such massage is good for you. Don’t forget to verify whether the massage therapist is certified to avoid negative consequences.

2.  Physical therapy is a good way to treat back pain during pregnancy

Physical therapy is an effective way to put your back in the right shape and eliminate back pain. The therapy will manipulate your joints and muscles in addition to providing easy-to-do exercises for you. The therapy will teach you how to perform different movement activities like walking, bending, sitting, standing, and others without bearing on your back. If you combine the exercise with the manipulation of muscles and joints, you will carry out your daily activities successfully without putting any pressure on your back. That will completely help you get rid of the challenging back pain. 

3.   Take to swimming

This is another proven method to treat back pain during pregnancy. Swimming always tops the list of exercises that doctors recommend for pregnant women. When you swim, pressure is taken away from your spine as you become weightless in the water. As you paddle up and down the pool, your arms, muscles, back, and other parts will be decompressed and toned. This will make you feel relaxed both physically and emotionally. As the pregnancy develops, practice the breaststroke regularly. This will strengthen your back muscles and your chest, leading to relief from back pain. It is advisable you are hydrated while swimming, and any sign of dizziness is a signal that you should get out of the pool. 

4.   Wear a maternity belt

You can get this therapeutic belt from online stores and maternity stores which can help you treat back pain. It will serve as undergarment to give you the needed physical support by holding up your belly to prevent your lower back and pelvic girdle from too much pressure. It does this by substituting for your abdominal muscles, which may be under much stress from the load it bears. Doctors do recommend this belt for pregnant working women. It is noteworthy that the belt should not be used as the only preventive measure against back pain; rather, it should play a complementary role to other methods. 

5.   Wear the proper shoes

All the methods suggested above will amount to nothing if you don’t complement your maternity style with the right shoes. Wearing high-heeled shoes during pregnancy will aggravate your back pain instead of relieving you of pain. According to Dr. Rosser, an ob-gyn, wearing such shoes creates more pressure on your back by increasing your back curvature. Therefore, it is recommended that you stay off from high-heeled shoes during your pregnancy.


The dream of every pregnant woman is to enjoy the period of pregnancy as much as they can. You can achieve this by following through the effective Vital Health Tips discussed in this post. By doing that, you will put back pain at bay and enjoy a painless pregnancy.

Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – 5 Effective Ways to Treat Back Pain During Pregnancy:

Chapter 2 – Conclusion


7 Causes of Abdominal Pain during Pregnancy

7 Causes of Abdominal Pain during Pregnancy

Updated: 5 August, 2019

Experiencing abdominal pain during pregnancy may be your body’s reaction to the need to accommodate your baby during its growing stage. Some of the causes of this abdominal pain are minor, while some others should be taken seriously. It is important for you as an expectant mother to know the possible causes of this pain in order to prepare yourself against major causes and how to treat the back pain.

Some causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy are:

7 Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy 

1.   Round Ligament Pain

If you experience a sharp pain during change of positions, that is a symptom of round ligament pain. There are two ligaments in your body that run from your groin to your uterus. During the growth of the uterus, the ligaments will be stretched, causing discomfort. This is one of the harmless pains during pregnancy and occurs during the second trimester of the pregnancy. Round ligament pain usually resolves itself overtime. However, you should consult your ob-gyn if the problem persists. 

2.   Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection affects 10% of pregnant women. If it is not given the right attention during its early stage when it can be treated with antibiotics, it can lead to serious abdominal pain. You can suspect this if you experience burning sensation while urinating along with the abdominal pain. The infection can degenerate to serious kidney infection which may increase your chances of preterm labor which is another painful experience. 

3.   Placenta abruption

This happens when the placenta is separated from the uterus before delivery. Some of the symptoms of placenta abruption are constant pain leading to prolonged hard stomach, bloody fluid, tenderness in the abdomen, and breakage of your water prematurely. This pain can be life-threatening because the premature separation may impact on the fetus negatively. It is common in pregnant women with history of the abruption, preeclampsia, abdominal trauma, or high blood pressure. 

4.   Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is characterized by high blood pressure in pregnant women and occurs after 5 months of gestation. It can be identified by upper abdominal pain under the right side ribs. In pregnant women, high blood pressure can lead to stunted baby growth because it will reduce the oxygen supply to the fetus. 

5.   Miscarriage

Miscarriage affects roughly 20% of all pregnancies, making it a serious pregnancy problem that shouldn’t be handled with levity. It usually occurs within the first three months of pregnancy. Symptoms of miscarriage are severe back pain, regular contractions, and bleeding. 

6.   Constipation and gas

A pregnant woman cannot avoid constipation and gas as they are part of pregnancy experience. This occurs when progesterone hormone inhibits your gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing the movement of food through the tract. It is important to give consideration to this problem because the production of progesterone increases during gestation. You can combat constipation and gas by eating foods that are rich in fiber or drinking enough water during the day. 

7.   Preterm labor

This is another cause of abdominal pain that should be taken seriously. It is associated with unrelenting backache before your 37th week of pregnancy. Sometimes, you may experience leaking blood or vaginal fluid. If you experience this pain that is also called first alarm, consult your ob-gyn without delay. 


Now that you are acquainted with some causes of abdominal pain during pregnancy through this article, you should try to control the effects of the pain on you and your baby by consulting your ob-gyn for regular checkups.

That’s it, guys. We hope you found this post useful. Please share your thoughts.

Table Of Contents

clickable navigation

Chapter 1 – 7 Causes of Abdominal Pain During Pregnancy

Chapter 2 – Conclusion


Pin It on Pinterest